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Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries

Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries »

Source: Adjustment in Euro Area Deficit Countries : Progress, Challenges, and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2014/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Thierry Tressel , Shengzu Wang , Joong Kang , Jay Shambaugh , Jörg Decressin , and Petya Koeva Brooks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498373814

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Euro Area, Current account deficits, Crisis, Current account, Rebalancing, Competitiveness, External stability, Labor market

Imbalances within the euro area have been a defining feature of the crisis. This paper provides a critical analysis of the ongoing rebalancing of euro area 'deficit economies' (Greece, Ireland, Portugal, and Spain)...

Assessing the Cost of Financial Regulation1

Assessing the Cost of Financial Regulation1 »

Source: Assessing the Cost of Financial Regulation

Volume/Issue: 2012/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Douglas Elliott , and Andre Santos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510836

Keywords: Basel III, Financial Regulation, Systemically Important Institutions, Banks, regulation, rules, regulatory changes, regulatory reforms, regulations, Government Policy and Regulation

This study assesses the overall impact on credit of the financial regulatory reforms in Europe, Japan, and the United States. Long-term cost estimates are provided for Basel III capital and liquidity requirements,...

A Banking Union for the Euro Area

A Banking Union for the Euro Area »

Source: A Banking Union for the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Rishi Goyal , Petya Koeva Brooks , Mahmood Pradhan , Thierry Tressel , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475521160

Keywords: Austria, Bank regulations, Bank resolution, Bank supervision, Belgium, Banking systems, Deposit insurance, Euro Area, Europe, Financial safety nets

The SDN elaborates the case for, and the design of, a banking union for the euro area. It discusses the benefits and costs of a banking union, presents a steady state view of the banking union, elaborates difficult...

Building a Better Union

Building a Better Union »

Source: Building a Better Union : Incentivizing Structural Reforms in the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2015/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Bergljot Barkbu , James John , Tidiane Kinda , Sergejs Saksonovs , Hanni Schoelermann , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513517087

Keywords: Structural reform, European economic governance, governance, states, member states, legislation, fiscal, Planning, Coordination, and Reform

The momentum for structural reforms is waning in the euro area at a time when even faster progress is needed to boost productivity and growth, achieve real economic convergence, and improve the resilience of the mo...

Common and Idiosyncratic Components in Real Output

Common and Idiosyncratic Components in Real Output »

Source: Common and Idiosyncratic Components in Real Output : Further International Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2002/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Nadal De Simone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875485

Keywords: common, European and idiosyncratic components, state-space Models, statistics, correlation, time series, statistic, Model Construction and Estimation, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper uses the classical (level) definition of business cycles to analyze the characteristics-duration, amplitude, steepness, and cumulative output movements-of the real GDP series of France, Germany, Italy, t...

Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries1

Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries1 »

Source: Countercyclical Fiscal Policy and Gender Employment: Evidence from the G-7 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2019/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , Jiro Honda , and Hiroaki Miyamoto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484390054

Keywords: Italy, Japan, Germany, Europe, Canada, Asia and Pacific, France, United Kingdom, United States, Western Hemisphere

Would countercyclical fiscal policy during recessions improve or worsen the gender employment gap? We give an answer to this question by exploring the state-dependent impact of fiscal spending shocks on employment...

Deconstructing Job Creation

Deconstructing Job Creation »

Source: Deconstructing Job Creation

Volume/Issue: 1999/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pietro Garibaldi , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451853193

Keywords: job creation, European unemployment, firing costs, employment, jobs, unemployment, employment growth

This paper studies net employment growth across 21 OECD economies in 1980-97, focusing on experiences within the European Union. It finds that sectoral effects can only partially account for differences in job crea...

The Design of EMU

The Design of EMU »

Source: The Design of EMU

Volume/Issue: 1997/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Begg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451852233

Keywords: European Monetary Union, credibility, asymmetric shocks, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, price stability, monetary union

Pursuit of price stability may, but need not, exacerbate output fluctuations. This paper discusses the monetary strategy of the European Central Bank, the intermediate targets that this should entail, and implicati...

Exchange Rate Regimes in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe

Exchange Rate Regimes in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe »

Source: Exchange Rate Regimes in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe : A Euro Bloc and a Dollar Bloc?

Volume/Issue: 2017/83

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Slavi Slavov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475590951

Keywords: Foreign exchange, United States, Western Hemisphere, Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe; exchange rate regimes; fixed versus floating; de jure versus de facto, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, exchange rate regimes, fixed versus floating, de jure versus de facto, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

There are 13 countries in Central, Eastern and Southeastern Europe (CESEE) with floating exchange rate regimes, de jure. This paper uses the framework pioneered by Frankel and Wei (1994) and extended in Frankel and...

Identifying the Common Component in International Economic Fluctuations

Identifying the Common Component in International Economic Fluctuations »

Source: Identifying the Common Component in International Economic Fluctuations : A New Approach

Volume/Issue: 1999/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robin Lumsdaine , and Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1999

ISBN: 9781451857214

Keywords: Economic Fluctuations, International and European Business Cycles, Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticty, common, correlations, statistics, correlation, statistic

This paper develops an aggregation procedure using time-varying weights for constructing the common component of international economic fluctuations. The methodology for deriving time-varying weights is based on so...