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Beauty Queens and Wallflowers

Beauty Queens and Wallflowers »

Source: Beauty Queens and Wallflowers : Currency Unions in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2006/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Julian Berengaut

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451864861

Keywords: Currency Union, Optimum Currency Areas, inflation, monetary union, monetary fund, central bank, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

Against the background of the theory of optimum currency areas, the paper analyzes possible sequences for establishing a currency union (CU) in the Middle East and Central Asia region. Between the corner solutions...

The Choice of Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for a Small, Open, Low-Income Economy

The Choice of Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for a Small, Open, Low-Income Economy »

Source: The Choice of Monetary and Exchange Rate Arrangements for a Small, Open, Low-Income Economy : The Case of São Tomé and Príncipe

Volume/Issue: 2008/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , Nisreen Farhan , Amar Shanghavi , Márcio Ronci , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869781

Keywords: Monetary and exchange rate arrangements, small economy, open economy, nominal anchor, peg, currency union, exchange rate, inflation, monetary union, central bank

This paper assesses São Tomé and Príncipe's monetary and exchange rate arrangements in light of the country's monetary history and the relevant experience of comparable countries in Africa. The study highlights sev...

Currency Unions, Economic Fluctuations, and Adjustment

Currency Unions, Economic Fluctuations, and Adjustment »

Source: Currency Unions, Economic Fluctuations, and Adjustment : Some New Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1996/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451955163

Keywords: Currency unions, economic fluctuations, labor market adjustment, labor market, dummy variables, explanatory power, labor markets

This paper examines the sources of disturbances to output in the United States and a set of EU countries and analyzes labor market adjustment mechanisms in these two economic areas. Comparable datasets comprising 1...

Current Accounts in a Currency Union

Current Accounts in a Currency Union »

Source: Current Accounts in a Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2009/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , and Emil Stavrev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9781451872743

Keywords: currency union, EMU, real exchange rate, exchange rate, current accounts, current account balance,

A fear about EMU was that in the absence of national currencies, country-specific shocks would result in greater current account divergences between member states. This paper finds that divergences across euro-area...

Do Hong Kong SAR and China Constitute An Optimal Currency Area? An Empirical Test of the Generalized Purchasing Power Parity Hypothesis

Do Hong Kong SAR and China Constitute An Optimal Currency Area? An Empirical Test of the Generalized Purchasing Power Parity Hypothesis »

Source: Do Hong Kong SAR and China Constitute An Optimal Currency Area? An Empirical Test of the Generalized Purchasing Power Parity Hypothesis

Volume/Issue: 1999/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hong Liang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1999

ISBN: 9781451850185

Keywords: Real exchange rate, generalized purchasing power hypothesis, optimal currency union, exchange rate, exchange rates, cointegration, statistics

The paper explores the behavior of the long-run real exchange rate (RER) of Hong Kong SAR and China by testing the generalized-purchasing power parity hypothesis (G-PPP). The hypothesis argues that if the fundament...

Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions

Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions »

Source: Establishing Conversion Values for New Currency Unions : Method and Application to the planned Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2009/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bassem Kamar , Jean-Etienne Carlotti , and Russell Krueger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873313

Keywords: Currency union, conversion rates, EAC, East African Community, ECOWAS, ECU, GCC, Gulf Cooperation Council, SADC, South African Development Community

A key issue in creating a new currency union is setting the rates to convert national currencies into the new union currency. Planned unions in the Gulf region and Africa are seeking methods to set the conversion r...

An Evaluation of Monetary Regime Options for Latin America

An Evaluation of Monetary Regime Options for Latin America »

Source: An Evaluation of Monetary Regime Options for Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2002/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , Paolo Mauro , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451874853

Keywords: currency union, exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, real exchange rate, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

We assess monetary regime options for Latin American countries. The costs of a common currency are likely to outweigh its benefits, as those countries face diverse economic shocks, do not trade much with each other...

Fiscal Devaluation in a Monetary Union

Fiscal Devaluation in a Monetary Union »

Source: Fiscal Devaluation in a Monetary Union

Volume/Issue: 2014/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philipp Engler , Giovanni Ganelli , Juha Tervala , and Simon Voigts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484312131

Keywords: currency union, devaluation, consumption, gdp, exchange, trade balance, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Using a DSGE model calibrated to the euro area, we analyze the international effects of a fiscal devaluation (FD) implemented as a revenue-neutral shift from employer's social contributions to the Value Added Tax....

Fiscal Sustainability and Policy Issues in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Fiscal Sustainability and Policy Issues in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Fiscal Sustainability and Policy Issues in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2003/162

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Pellechio , Saqib Rizavi , and Phebby Kufa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2003

ISBN: 9781451857894

Keywords: Currency Union, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal policies, central bank, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, National Deficit Surplus,

The fiscal position of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) has deteriorated significantly in recent years, resulting in sharp increases in public debt. The sustainability of public debt is examined using th...

A Model of an Optimum Currency Area

A Model of an Optimum Currency Area »

Volume/Issue: 1997/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849837.001

ISBN: 9781451849837

Keywords: Optimum currency areas, cost-benefit analysis, exchange rate regimes, currency union, monetary integration, inflation, exchange rate, monetary shocks, exchange rates, currency areas

This paper investigates the circumstances under which it is beneficial to participate in a currency area. A two-country monetary model of trade with nominal rigidities encompasses the real and monetary arguments su...