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Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

Chapter 5 Banks’ Dollar Funding

New
Chapter 5 Banks’ Dollar Funding »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

A Source of Financial Vulnerability In the run-up to the global financial crisis, lending in US dollars by global banks headquartered outside the United States (globa...

Chapter 4 Emerging and Frontier Markets

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Chapter 4 Emerging and Frontier Markets »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

Mind the Debt External financing conditions for emerging markets were broadly favorable in 2019, despite the gloomier outlook for trade and global growth. Equity flow...

Chapter 2 Global Corporate Vulnerabilities

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Chapter 2 Global Corporate Vulnerabilities »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

Riskier Business Easy financial conditions have extended the corporate credit cycle, with further financial risk-taking by firms and continued buildup of debt. Corpor...

Chapter 1 Global Financial Stability Overview

New
Chapter 1 Global Financial Stability Overview »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

Lower for Longer Financial markets have been buffeted by the twists and turns of trade disputes amid growing investor concerns about downside risks to the economic ou...

Chapter 3 Institutional Investors

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Chapter 3 Institutional Investors »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

Falling Rates, Rising Risks Lower-for-longer yields may prompt institutional investors to seek riskier and more illiquid investments to earn their targeted return. Th...

Chapter 6 Sustainable Finance

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Chapter 6 Sustainable Finance »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

Nothing is as powerful as an idea whose time has come. – Victor Hugo Looking Farther Sustainable finance incorpo...

Executive Summary

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Executive Summary »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

The October 2019 Global Financial Stability Report at a Glance Key Vuln...

Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019
			: Lower for Longer

New
Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498324021.082

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

The October 2019 Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) identifies the current key vulnerabilities in the global financial system as the rise in corporate debt burdens, increasing holdings of riskier and more ill...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

The October 2019 Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR) identifies the current key vulnerabilities in the global financial system as the rise in corporate debt burdens, increasing holdings of riskier and more ill...

IMF Executive Board Discussion Summary

New
IMF Executive Board Discussion Summary »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, October 2019 : Lower for Longer

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498324021

Keywords: global financial stability, us dollar funding fragility, emerging markets

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on October...

Chapter 2 Closer Together or Further Apart? Within-country Regional Disparities and Adjustment in Advanced Economies

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Chapter 2 Closer Together or Further Apart? Within-country Regional Disparities and Adjustment in Advanced Economies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

Subnational—within-country—regional disparities in real output, employment, and productivity in advanced economies have attracted greater interest in recent years against a backdrop of growing s...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

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Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

Subdued Momentum, Weak Trade and Industrial Production Over the past year, global growth has fallen sharply. Among advanced economies, the weakening has been broad based, affecting m...

Chapter 3 Reigniting Growth in Low-Income and Emerging Market Economies: What Role can Structural Reforms Play?

New
Chapter 3 Reigniting Growth in Low-Income and Emerging Market Economies: What Role can Structural Reforms Play? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

The pace of structural reforms in emerging market and developing economies was strong during the 1990s, but it has slowed since the early 2000s. Using a newly constructed database on structural...

Executive Summary

New
Executive Summary »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

After slowing sharply in the last three quarters of 2018, the pace of global economic activity remains weak. Momentum in manufacturing activity, in particular, has weakened substantially, to lev...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2019

New
IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2019 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on October...

Reducing and Redistributing Unpaid Work: Stronger Policies to Support Gender Equality

New
Reducing and Redistributing Unpaid Work: Stronger Policies to Support Gender Equality »

Volume/Issue: 2019/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cristian Alonso , Mariya Brussevich , Era Dabla-Norris , Yuko Kinoshita , and Kalpana Kochhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514536.001

ISBN: 9781513514536

Keywords: Unpaid Work, Female Labor Force Participation, Gender Equality.

Unpaid work, such as caring for children, the elderly, and household chores represents a significant share of economic activity but is not counted as part of GDP. Women disproportionately shoulder the burden of unp...

Reducing and Redistributing Unpaid Work: Stronger Policies to Support Gender Equality

New
Reducing and Redistributing Unpaid Work: Stronger Policies to Support Gender Equality »

Source: Reducing and Redistributing Unpaid Work: Stronger Policies to Support Gender Equality

Volume/Issue: 2019/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cristian Alonso , Mariya Brussevich , Era Dabla-Norris , Yuko Kinoshita , and Kalpana Kochhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514536

Keywords: Unpaid Work, Female Labor Force Participation, Gender Equality.

Unpaid work, such as caring for children, the elderly, and household chores represents a significant share of economic activity but is not counted as part of GDP. Women disproportionately shoulder the burden of unp...

Statistical Appendix

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Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data as well as projections. It comprises seven sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Country Notes, Classification of Countries, Key Data Docu...

World Economic Outlook, October 2019
			: Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

New
World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers »

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513508214.081

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

World Economic Outlook, October 2019...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

World Economic Outlook, October 2019...

World Economic Outlook Selected Topics

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World Economic Outlook Selected Topics »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2019 : Global Manufacturing Downturn, Rising Trade Barriers

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513508214

Keywords: Market economies, Economic conditions, Economies, Economic policy, Financial crises, WEO, advanced economy, emerge market, develop economy, euro area

World Economic Outlook Archives World Economic Outlook: Financial Systems and Econom...

Chile’s Fiscal Framework: an Outsider’s Perspective

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Chile’s Fiscal Framework: an Outsider’s Perspective »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

Chile’s fiscal rule has served the country well, helped strengthen fiscal discipline and medium-term planning, and contribu...

Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework
			: Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

New
Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514024.073

ISBN: 9781513514024

This booklet summarizes the presentations in the conference titled 'Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework: Lessons from Domestic and International Experience,' organized by Chile's Ministry of Finance and the Internat...

Back Matter

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Back Matter »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

This booklet summarizes the presentations in the conference titled 'Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework: Lessons from Domestic and International Experience,' organized by Chile's Ministry of Finance and the Internat...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

This booklet summarizes the presentations in the conference titled 'Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework: Lessons from Domestic and International Experience,' organized by Chile's Ministry of Finance and the Internat...

AN Evaluation of Chile’s Fiscal Rule

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AN Evaluation of Chile’s Fiscal Rule »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

Chile’s fiscal rule, in operation since 2001, has been a benchmark for international observers as a result of its acyclical...

Factors for Fine-Tuning Fiscal Policy

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Factors for Fine-Tuning Fiscal Policy »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

When viewed from all angles, Chile’s fiscal rule can be given a positive assessment. Its operation has been a key factor in...

Fiscal Discipline: from Theory to Practice

New
Fiscal Discipline: from Theory to Practice »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

Constraining budgetary decisions is needed for two main reasons. First, governments are simultaneously subject to intense d...

Fiscal Policy in Chile: Some Comparisons and Concerns

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Fiscal Policy in Chile: Some Comparisons and Concerns »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

While the cyclical component of Chile’s fiscal policy in the last 15 years seems broadly appropriate, the fiscal rule has suffered a number of changes throughout this period, sugges...

The Fiscal Rule and Institutional Framework During the Past 20 Years

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The Fiscal Rule and Institutional Framework During the Past 20 Years »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

The fiscal rule in Chile operated adequately until the 2008 global financial crisis. The accumulation of surpluses during t...

Fiscal Rule for Normal and Difficult Times

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Fiscal Rule for Normal and Difficult Times »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

During the last 25 years, Chile has made substantial progress in the area of macroeconomic stability as a result of its ins...

Fiscal Rules and Macroeconomic Performance: World Evidence

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Fiscal Rules and Macroeconomic Performance: World Evidence »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

A developed fiscal framework is based on several fiscal institutions that contribute to fiscal and macroeconomic performanc...

Fiscal Rules for Long-Term Objectives

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Fiscal Rules for Long-Term Objectives »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

After 2008 many countries started to revise their fiscal rules, mostly to address weaknesses that had emerged with the Glob...

Fiscal Rules in Latin America and the Caribbean

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Fiscal Rules in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

The countries of Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have joined the global trend of adopting rules-based macrofiscal fra...

Fiscal Rules: what do we Really want from Them?

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Fiscal Rules: what do we Really want from Them? »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

Economics is full of fads, and fiscal rules and fiscal councils already fit the profile. Notwithstanding, from a policy per...

Getting Rules into Policymakers’ Hands: a Review of Rules-Based Macro Policy

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Getting Rules into Policymakers’ Hands: a Review of Rules-Based Macro Policy »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

There is a long-running debate as to whether macroeconomic policy decisions should follow predefined rules or be left to th...

IMF Publications Catalog, Fall/Winter 2019

New
IMF Publications Catalog, Fall/Winter 2019 »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/CATEA2019002.073

ISBN: CATEA2019002

IMF Publications Catalog, Fall/Winter 2019...

Key Factors for Achieving a Better Fiscal Rule

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Key Factors for Achieving a Better Fiscal Rule »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

The fiscal rule has been one of the main assets of macroeconomic policy in Chile, providing a framework for fiscal policy a...

New Zealand’s Fiscal Framework

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New Zealand’s Fiscal Framework »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

New Zealand’s fiscal framework has endured over nearly three decades. The main features of the fiscal framework are its emp...

Notes on the Fiscal Rule

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Notes on the Fiscal Rule »

Source: Enhancing Chile's Fiscal Framework : Lessons from Domestic and International Experience

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514024

The structure of the presentation reflects an approach in which the fiscal rule is perceived as a valuable practice placed...

Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes

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Chapter 1. How to Mitigate Climate Changes »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Introduction Without substantial mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, global temperatures are projected to rise by around 4°C above preindustrial levels by 2100 (they have already...

Executive Summary

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Executive Summary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Global warming is threatening our planet and living standards around the world, and the window of opportunity for containing climate change to manageable levels is closing rapidly. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emiss...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2019
			: How to Mitigate Climate Change

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Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321228.089

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This report emphasizes the environmental, fiscal, economic, and administrative case for using carbon taxes, or similar pricing schemes such as emission trading systems, to implement climate mitigation strategies. I...

Glossary

New
Glossary »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

Air pollution deaths Premature mortality caused by human exposure to fne particulates caused by burning coal and petroleum products. Border carbon adjustment Levy charged o...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2019

New
IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, October 2019 »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on October...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

New
Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2019 : How to Mitigate Climate Change

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321228

Keywords: Public finance, Tax policy, Debt and growth, Fiscal policy, Low-income developing countries, Fiscal space, Tax reforms, Use taxes, Production, climate change; mitigation efforts; global warming; Paris Agreement; CO2; carbon dioxide; feebates; carbon taxes; carbon taxation; fossil fuel emissions; emissions; emission trading systems; complementary tax; green energy; energy efficiency; air pollution; environmental benefits; G20 countries; G20

This appendix comprises four sections. “Data and Conventions” provides a general description of the data and conventions used to calculate economy group composites. “Fiscal Policy Assumptions” summarizes the...

Communaute Economique Et Monetaire De L’afrique Centrale (Cemac):Communaute Economique Et Monetaire De L’afrique Centrale — Rapport Des Services Du FMI Sur Les Politiques Communes a L’appui Des Programmes De Reforme Des Pays Membres

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Communaute Economique Et Monetaire De L’afrique Centrale (Cemac):Communaute Economique Et Monetaire De L’afrique Centrale — Rapport Des Services Du FMI Sur Les Politiques Communes a L’appui Des Programmes De Reforme Des Pays Membres »

Source: Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) : Common Policies in Support of Member Countries Reform Programs

Volume/Issue: 2019/215

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513516554

Keywords: Central banks, Monetary policy, Bank liquidity, External sector, Monetary policy operational framework, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, CEMAC, BEAC, Proj, CEMAC country

The regional strategy has helped stabilize the regional economic position thanks to large fiscal consolidation efforts, a tighter monetary policy, and external financial assistance. The external position improved,...

Déclaration de M. Mohamed-Lemine Raghani, Administrateur au FMI pour la CEMAC, et de son Conseiller Principal M. Regis N’Sonde 24 juin 2019

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Déclaration de M. Mohamed-Lemine Raghani, Administrateur au FMI pour la CEMAC, et de son Conseiller Principal M. Regis N’Sonde 24 juin 2019 »

Source: Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) : Common Policies in Support of Member Countries Reform Programs

Volume/Issue: 2019/215

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513516554

Keywords: Central banks, Monetary policy, Bank liquidity, External sector, Monetary policy operational framework, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, CEMAC, BEAC, Proj, CEMAC country

The regional strategy has helped stabilize the regional economic position thanks to large fiscal consolidation efforts, a tighter monetary policy, and external financial assistance. The external position improved,...

Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC)
			: Common Policies in Support of Member Countries Reform Programs

New
Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) : Common Policies in Support of Member Countries Reform Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2019/215

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2019

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516554.002

ISBN: 9781513516554

Keywords: Central banks, Monetary policy, Bank liquidity, External sector, Monetary policy operational framework, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, CEMAC, BEAC, Proj, CEMAC country

The regional strategy has helped stabilize the regional economic position thanks to large fiscal consolidation efforts, a tighter monetary policy, and external financial assistance. The external position improved,...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Thailand

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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Thailand »

Source: Thailand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

Volume/Issue: 2019/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513516523

Thailand's robust policy framework and ample buffers continue to underpin its resilience to external headwinds. The authorities have taken measures to strengthen medium-term fiscal management and financial stabilit...

Thailand
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

New
Thailand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand »

Volume/Issue: 2019/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516523.002

ISBN: 9781513516523

Thailand's robust policy framework and ample buffers continue to underpin its resilience to external headwinds. The authorities have taken measures to strengthen medium-term fiscal management and financial stabilit...

Thailand
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

New
Thailand : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/308

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516486.002

ISBN: 9781513516486

Banks represent a sizable share of the financial sector in Thailand, but other deposit-taking institutions and NBFIs have grown significantly in the last decade. While assets of banks represented 46 percent of tota...

Statement by Ms. Alisara Mahasandana, Executive Director for Thailand, and Mr. Acharawat Srisongkram, Advisor to the Executive Director September 30, 2019

New
Statement by Ms. Alisara Mahasandana, Executive Director for Thailand, and Mr. Acharawat Srisongkram, Advisor to the Executive Director September 30, 2019 »

Source: Thailand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

Volume/Issue: 2019/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513516523

Thailand's robust policy framework and ample buffers continue to underpin its resilience to external headwinds. The authorities have taken measures to strengthen medium-term fiscal management and financial stabilit...

Thailand: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

New
Thailand: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand »

Source: Thailand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

Volume/Issue: 2019/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513516523

Thailand's robust policy framework and ample buffers continue to underpin its resilience to external headwinds. The authorities have taken measures to strengthen medium-term fiscal management and financial stabilit...

Thailand: Financial System Stability Assessment

New
Thailand: Financial System Stability Assessment »

Source: Thailand : Financial System Stability Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2019/308

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513516486

Banks represent a sizable share of the financial sector in Thailand, but other deposit-taking institutions and NBFIs have grown significantly in the last decade. While assets of banks represented 46 percent of tota...

Thailand: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Thailand: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Thailand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

Volume/Issue: 2019/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513516523

Thailand's robust policy framework and ample buffers continue to underpin its resilience to external headwinds. The authorities have taken measures to strengthen medium-term fiscal management and financial stabilit...

Accountability

New
Accountability »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Risk Management at the IMF By virtue of its role as established in the Articles of Agreement, the IMF faces a range of risks. In 2016, the Executive Board approved the levels of risk...

Actividad crediticia

New
Actividad crediticia »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

A diferencia de los bancos de desarrollo, el FMI no otorga préstamos para proyectos especificos, sino más bien a países que atraviesan por difcultades de balanza de pagos, para darles la oportunidad de reori...

Capacity Development

New
Capacity Development »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Strengthening the capacity of institutions, such as central banks and finance ministries, results in more effective policies and greater economic stability and inclusion. That is why the IMF works with count...

A destacar: Responsabilidad conjunta, beneficios compartidos

New
A destacar: Responsabilidad conjunta, beneficios compartidos »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Ante la agudización de la incertidumbre económica, financiera y política, el FMI ha redoblado los esfuerzos por afianzar la cooperación internacional, respondiendo al mismo tiempo a las necesidades de los pa...

Développement des capacités

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Développement des capacités »

Source: Rapport annuel 2019 du Fonds monétaire international

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498321570

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Renforcer les capacités des institutions comme les banques centrales et les ministères des Finances accroît l’efficacité des politiques ainsi que la stabilité économique et l’inclusion. C’est pourquoi le FMI...

Economic Surveillance

New
Economic Surveillance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Through “surveillance,” the IMF oversees the international monetary system, monitors global economic developments, and engages in a health check of the economic and financial policies of its 189 member count...

Eventos Regionales

New
Eventos Regionales »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Asia y el Pacífico Reuniones Anuales de 2018 en Indonesia Más de 11.000 personas de todo el mundo se reunieron en Bali, Indonesia, con ocasión de las R...

Fortalecimiento de las capacidades

New
Fortalecimiento de las capacidades »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Fortalecer las capacidades de las instituciones, como los bancos centrales y los ministerios de hacienda, redunda en políticas más efcaces y un mayor nivel de estabilidad econdmica e inclusión. Es por eso qu...

Gros Plan Sur Les Régions

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Gros Plan Sur Les Régions »

Source: Rapport annuel 2019 du Fonds monétaire international

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498321570

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Asie et Pacifique Assemblée annuelle 2018 en Indonésie Plus de 11 000 personnes du monde entier se sont retrouvées à Bali (Indonésie) pour assister à l...

Gros plan Une responsabilité conjointe pour des bénéfices partagés

New
Gros plan Une responsabilité conjointe pour des bénéfices partagés »

Source: Rapport annuel 2019 du Fonds monétaire international

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498321570

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

ur fond d’incertitude économique, financière et politique croissante, le FMI a intensifié ses efforts en vue de favoriser la coopération internationale tout en répondant aux besoins de ses États membres. Dur...

I. Financial Statements of the General Department

New
I. Financial Statements of the General Department »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513511726

Report of Independent Auditors To the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund We have audited the accompanying financial statements of the General Departmen...

II. Financial Statements of the SDR Department

New
II. Financial Statements of the SDR Department »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513511726

Report of Independent Auditors To the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund We have audited the accompanying financial statements of the Special Drawing R...

III. Financial Statements of the Concessional Lending and Debt Relief Trusts

New
III. Financial Statements of the Concessional Lending and Debt Relief Trusts »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513511726

Report of Independent Auditors To the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund We have audited the accompanying financial statements of the Poverty Reduction...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513511726

The audited consolidated financial statements of the International Monetary Fund as of April 30, 2019 and 2018...

IMF Annual Report 2019: Financial Statements

New
IMF Annual Report 2019: Financial Statements »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513511726

...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513511726.011

ISBN: 9781513511726

The audited consolidated financial statements of the International Monetary Fund as of April 30, 2019 and 2018...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321747.011

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321600.011

ISBN: 9781498321600

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321563.011

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321594.011

ISBN: 9781498321594

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321617.011

ISBN: 9781498321617

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Japanese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321624.011

ISBN: 9781498321624

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

New
International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321631.011

ISBN: 9781498321631

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019....

Introduction

New
Introduction »

Source: Rapport annuel 2019 du Fonds monétaire international

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498321570

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Message du directeur général par intérim Cher lecteur, L’économie mondiale traverse une période délicate. L’expansion que l’on a connue début 2018 est en perte de vitesse, essentiell...

Introduction

New
Introduction »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Message from the Acting Managing Director Dear Reader, The global economy is at a delicate moment. The expansion of early 2018 has lost momentum, in large part in response to rising...

Introduction

New
Introduction »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Mensaje del Director Gerente Interino Estimado lector: La economía mundial se encuentra en un momento delicado. La expansión de comienzos de 2018 ha perdido ímpetu, en gran parte com...

IV. Financial Statements of the Administered Accounts

New
IV. Financial Statements of the Administered Accounts »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019 Financial Statements

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513511726

Report of Independent Auditors To the Board of Governors of the International Monetary Fund We have audited the accompanying financial statements of each of the accounts...

Lending

New
Lending »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Unlike development banks, the IMF does not lend for specific projects but instead to member countries that experience balance of payments difficulties, to give them time to rectify economic policies and rest...

Nuestros recursos y gestión de gobierno

New
Nuestros recursos y gestión de gobierno »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Presupuesto e Ingresos Presupuesto a mediano plazo En abril de 2018 el Directorio Ejecutivo autorizó un presupuesto administrativo neto para el ejercic...

Our Resources and Governance

New
Our Resources and Governance »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Budget and Income Medium-term budget In April 2018 the Executive Board authorized a net administrative budget for FY 2019 of $1,135 million, along with...

Part 1: Overview

New
Part 1: Overview »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

...

Part 1: Overview

New
Part 1: Overview »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

...

Part 2: What We Do

New
Part 2: What We Do »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

The IMF has three main roles: Economic Surveillance 1 The IMF oversees the international monetary system and monitors the ec...

Part 3: Who We Are

New
Part 3: Who We Are »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

ISBN: 9781498321563

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

...

PARTE 2: Qué hace el FMI

New
PARTE 2: Qué hace el FMI »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

El FMI cumple tres funciones principales: Supervisión económica 1 E1 FMI supervisa el sistema monetario internacional y real...

PARTE 3: Quiénes somos

New
PARTE 3: Quiénes somos »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2019

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781498321747

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

...

Partie 2: Notre cœur de métier

New
Partie 2: Notre cœur de métier »

Source: Rapport annuel 2019 du Fonds monétaire international

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498321570

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

Le FMI a trois missions principales : Surveillance économique 1 Le FMI surveille le système monétaire international et suit...

Partie 3: Qui nous sommes

New
Partie 3: Qui nous sommes »

Source: Rapport annuel 2019 du Fonds monétaire international

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498321570

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

...

Partie 1 : Vue d’ensemble

New
Partie 1 : Vue d’ensemble »

Source: Rapport annuel 2019 du Fonds monétaire international

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781498321570

Keywords: Foreign trade, Commodities, Corruption, Debt management, Financial safety nets, Productivity, Sustainable development, Gender, Income inequality, Poverty and inequality

...