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Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures

Appendix 2. Additional Tables and Figures »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Table A1. Export Shares of Major Product Categories, 1995 and 2005 (In percent, ranked by 2005 shares)...

Appendix 1. Data Source and Notes

Appendix 1. Data Source and Notes »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

The analysis uses UN Comtrade data on sub-Saharan African merchandise (physical goods) exports, as reflected in imports to the reporting country under Standard International Trade Classification (SITC) revis...

Chapter 3. Benchmarking Sub-Saharan African Trade Performance

Chapter 3. Benchmarking Sub-Saharan African Trade Performance »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Many studies have investigated whether regions or countries undertrade or overtrade relative to a benchmark model of trade flows. 18 Gravity models are commonly used for setting t...

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Over the past decades, African countries have set ambitious goals for their regional trade arrangements, but the results have so far fallen short of expectations. Most African RTAs started with a low level o...

Chapter 2. Country Overview

Chapter 2. Country Overview »

Source: Lifting the Oil Curse : Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Harinder Malothra , Milan Cuc , Ulrich Bartsch , and Menachem Katz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589063174

Keywords: fiscal policy, oil sector, oil companies, exchange rate, oil prices

The seven countries in the group of oil-producing African countries together produced an average of 3.8 million barrels of oil per day in 2001, equivalent to 5 percent of world oil production. Their total pr...

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Have RTAs Helped Increase Intraregional Trade? Time-series data show that the impact of the RTAs on intra-African trade seems to have been small or insignificant. As a share of th...

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005

Chapter 2: Evolution of Sub-Saharan African Trade Patterns through 2005 »

Source: Sub-Saharan Africa : Forging New Trade Links with Asia

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Kevin Carey , and Ulrich Jacoby

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2007

ISBN: 9781589066670

Keywords: Export diversification, Trade policy, trade flows, total exports, export shares, trade patterns, rules of origin

Trade Patterns by Destination The share of sub-Saharan Africa’s exports to developing countries has more than doubled since 1990. As Asia industrializes, its demand for natural resou...

Chapter 6. Exchange Rate Regimes and Competitiveness

Chapter 6. Exchange Rate Regimes and Competitiveness »

Source: Lifting the Oil Curse : Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Harinder Malothra , Milan Cuc , Ulrich Bartsch , and Menachem Katz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589063174

Keywords: fiscal policy, oil sector, oil companies, exchange rate, oil prices

Background Discussion Oil-exporting countries have used a variety of exchange rate arrangements, as shown in Figure 9. At the end of 2001, about 18 of the 29 oil-producing IMF member...

Chapter 9. Final Discussion: Toward an Agenda for Further Work

Chapter 9. Final Discussion: Toward an Agenda for Further Work »

Source: Lifting the Oil Curse : Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Harinder Malothra , Milan Cuc , Ulrich Bartsch , and Menachem Katz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589063174

Keywords: fiscal policy, oil sector, oil companies, exchange rate, oil prices

The fact that oil-producing countries in Africa have not achieved better social indicators than other African countries gives rise to the question of whether this was despite or because of the inflow of bill...

Chapter 4. Fiscal Policy Formulation

Chapter 4. Fiscal Policy Formulation »

Source: Lifting the Oil Curse : Improving Petroleum Revenue Management in Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Harinder Malothra , Milan Cuc , Ulrich Bartsch , and Menachem Katz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2004

ISBN: 9781589063174

Keywords: fiscal policy, oil sector, oil companies, exchange rate, oil prices

A. Background Discussion While it may not be possible to identify an “optimal” fiscal policy for oil countries in general, the discussions in the previous section provide important i...