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6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Principles Expenditure assignments influence the effective provision of certain services, as well as macroeconomic policy, but have important distributional implicati...

1. Asia and Pacific’s Outlook: Still Leading Global Growth

1. Asia and Pacific’s Outlook: Still Leading Global Growth »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2015 : Stabilizing and Outperforming Other Regions

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2015

ISBN: 9781498339841

Keywords: Regional Economic Outlook, Economic integration, Market economies, Real sector, Development, Financial crises, Regional economics, Economies, inflation, exchange

Asia and Pacific’s position as the growth engine of the world economy has intensified in recent years. While in 2000 the region accounted for less than 30 percent of world output, by 2014 this c...

2. Asia: At Risk of Growing Old before Becoming Rich?

2. Asia: At Risk of Growing Old before Becoming Rich? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2017, Asia and Pacific : Preparing for Choppy Seas

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): Ranil Salgado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475575064

Introduction and Main Findings In past decades, Asia has benefited significantly from demographic trends, along with strong policies. Many parts of Asia, particularly East Asia, reap...

1. Asia’s Momentum Is Set to Continue

1. Asia’s Momentum Is Set to Continue »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2014, Asia and Pacific : Sustaining the Momentum: Vigilance and Reforms

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2014

ISBN: 9781484316573

Keywords: Financial crises, Credit, Central banks, Business cycles, Capital, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial systems, inflation, capital flows, capital flow

Introduction and Main Findings The main findings of the analysis in this chapter are as follows: The outlook for Asia i...

Assessing China's Residential Real Estate Market

Assessing China's Residential Real Estate Market »

Source: Assessing China's Residential Real Estate Market

Volume/Issue: 2017/248

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ding Ding , Xiaoyu Huang , Tao Jin , and W. Raphael Lam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484324813

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Macroprudential Policy, Central banks and their policies, China real estate market, housing bubbles, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Housing Supply and Markets, Bayesian Analysis

China's real estate market rebounded sharply after a temporary slowdown in 2014-2015. This paper uses city-level data to estimate the range of house price overvaluation across city-tiers and assesses the main risks...

10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi

10 Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustment on the Poor: The Case of Malawi »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

This case study of Malawi illustrates a practical approach for assessing the impact of structural adjustment policies on poverty. Malawi initiated a structural adjustment program in 1987, which, since mid-19...

Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition

Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition »

Source: Australia's Linkages with China: Prospects and Ramifications of China's Economic Transition

Volume/Issue: 2018/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Karam , and Dirk Muir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357200

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Australia, Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium; open economy macoeconomics; small open economy; open economy simulation, Dynamic stochastic general equilibrium, open economy macoeconomics, small open economy, open economy simulation, Forecasting and Simulation, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission

China and Australia have increasingly strong links, especially through trade. These are driven by demand from China for Australian commodities (coal and iron ore) and services (tourism and education). These links a...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Source: Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor

6 Bangladesh: Economic Reform Measures and the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

With a per capita income of about $200 in 1991, Bangladesh is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half of its population—50 million people—live in poverty. The most vulnerable groups include...

11 Basic Issues of Decentralization and Tax Assignment

11 Basic Issues of Decentralization and Tax Assignment »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

This chapter deals with an issue normally referred to as the tax assignment problem. A government is responsible for performing various functions. It needs to raise...