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Source: Unproductive Public Expenditures : A Pragmatic Approach to Policy Analysis

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2005

ISBN: 9781557755414

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, expenditures, public expenditures, expenditure productivity

INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND PAMPHLET SERIES (All pamphlets have been published in English, French, and Spanish, unless otherwise stated) 38. Fund Conditional...

1 A Decade of Transition

1 A Decade of Transition »

Source: A Decade of Transition : Achievements and Challenges

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Saleh Nsouli , and Oleh Havrylyshyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2001

ISBN: 9781589060135

Keywords: inflation, privatization, monetary fund, moderate inflation, tax rates

Since the fall of the Berlin Wall nearly a decade ago, the former centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union countries have made major st...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: A Decade of Transition : Achievements and Challenges

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Saleh Nsouli , and Oleh Havrylyshyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2001

ISBN: 9781589060135

Keywords: inflation, privatization, monetary fund, moderate inflation, tax rates

This volume reviews the experience of 25 non-Asian transition economies 10 years into their transformation to market economies. The volume is based on an IMF conference held in February 1999 in Washington, D.C., to...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: A Decade of Transition : Achievements and Challenges

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Saleh Nsouli , and Oleh Havrylyshyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2001

ISBN: 9781589060135

Keywords: inflation, privatization, monetary fund, moderate inflation, tax rates

This volume reviews the experience of 25 non-Asian transition economies 10 years into their transformation to market economies. The volume is based on an IMF conference held in February 1999 in Washington, D.C., to...

1. Advanced Europe: Beyond Crisis Management

1. Advanced Europe: Beyond Crisis Management »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Europe, Building Confidence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069510

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, fiscal consolidation, fiscal policy, capital flows

With strong policy action to contain sovereign debt problems in the euro area, the recovery continues. But lingering uncertainties and market pressures make for moderate and unequal growth acros...

1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide

1. Advanced Europe: Reversing the Slide »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2011, Europe : Navigating Stormy Waters

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2011

ISBN: 9781616351281

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal consolidation, labor market, domestic demand, unemployment

The euro area crisis has entered into a new stage in the context of a marked global slowdown. Tensions have moved from the euro area periphery to some core economies, prompting new policy interv...

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis

1. Advanced Europe: Tackling the Sovereign Crisis »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, May 2011, Europe : Strengthening the Recovery

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2011

ISBN: 9781616350635

Keywords: current account, public finances, current account deficits, public debt, current account balances

Despite headwinds from sovereign and financial tensions, the recovery continues. But downside risks still loom large, and divergences across advanced Europe persist. To avoid a protracted period...

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

ALBANIA

ALBANIA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...

ALGERIA

ALGERIA »

Source: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

Status Under IMF Articles of Agreement...