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An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth

An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth »

Source: An Analysis of So-Called Export-led Growth

Volume/Issue: 2008/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jie Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870787

Keywords: Export-led growth, real exchange rate, productivity improvement, export growth, exchange rate, exportable sector, export sector,

The stylized fact that strong economic growth is usually accompanied with strong export growth leads many people to conclude that the export sector is the main driving force behind those episodes. The model in this...

Any Link Between Legal Central Bank Independence and Inflation? Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean

Any Link Between Legal Central Bank Independence and Inflation? Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Any Link Between Legal Central Bank Independence and Inflation? Evidence from Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2005/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Jácome , and Francisco Vazquez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860948

Keywords: structural reform, Latin America, central bank, central banks, monetary policy, monetary fund, Latin Amercia,

This paper reviews central bank legislation in 24 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean during the 1990s. Using panel regressions, we find a negative relationship between legal central bank independence (CBI...

Bank Credit During the 2008 Financial Crisis

Bank Credit During the 2008 Financial Crisis »

Source: Bank Credit During the 2008 Financial Crisis : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2010/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and Michael Franken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963120

Keywords: credit boom, bust cycles, money market, banking, banking system,

This paper empirically estimates the main determinants of bank credit growth during the 2008 financial crisis. Using a sample covering over 80 countries, this paper finds that larger bank credit booms prior to the...

Bank Efficiency amid Foreign Entry

Bank Efficiency amid Foreign Entry »

Source: Bank Efficiency amid Foreign Entry : Evidence from the Central American Region

Volume/Issue: 2010/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Wezel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2010

ISBN: 9781451982725

Keywords: Bank efficiency, data envelopment analysis, stochastic frontier analysis, banking, foreign banks, domestic banks, foreign bank, bank entry,

This paper investigates the efficiency of domestic and foreign banks in the Central American region during 2002-07. Using two main empirical approaches, Data Envelopment Analysis and Stochastic Frontier Analysis, t...

Banking Crises and Crisis Dating

Banking Crises and Crisis Dating »

Source: Banking Crises and Crisis Dating : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2009/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Gianni De Nicolo , and John Boyd

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451872880

Keywords: Systemic Bank Shocks, banking, banking distress, banking crisis,

Many empirical studies of banking crises have employed "banking crisis" (BC) indicators constructedusing primarily information on government actions undertaken in response to bank distress. Weformulate a simple the...

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic

Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic »

Source: Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic : Trade Integration and Economic Performance

Volume/Issue: 2012/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephanie Medina Cas , Andrew Swiston , and Luis Barrot

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510843

Keywords: Integration, Free trade agreements, free trade, trade agreements, regional integration, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

This paper studies the potential for the export sector to play a more important role in promoting growth in Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic (CAPDR) through deeper intra-regional and global trade...

Central American Tax Reform

Central American Tax Reform »

Source: Central American Tax Reform : Trends and Possibilities

Volume/Issue: 2002/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , and Asegedech WoldeMariam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875423

Keywords: Tax Reform, tax rates, taxation, tax revenue, tax system, tax structure, Public Economics: General, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

Central American tax systems are modern in their orientation, though there remains scope for beneficial reform. Value-added taxes are the mainstay of collections, but their performance varies. Income and property t...

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation »

Source: Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

The Costs of Sovereign Default

The Costs of Sovereign Default »

Source: The Costs of Sovereign Default

Volume/Issue: 2008/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Ugo Panizza

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451870961

Keywords: Country Risk, banking, banking crises, banking crisis, sovereign default,

This paper evaluates empirically four types of cost that may result from an international sovereign default: reputational costs, international trade exclusion costs, costs to the domestic economy through the financ...

Credit Growth in Latin America

Credit Growth in Latin America »

Source: Credit Growth in Latin America : Financial Development or Credit Boom?

Volume/Issue: 2013/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Niels-Jakob Harbo Hansen , and Olga Sulla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484390627

Keywords: Credit boom, financial development, panel co-integration, banking, banking sector, banking crisis, banking crises, bank equity,

Banking credit to the private sector in Latin America has on average increased by 7 percent of GDP from primo 2004 to ultimo 2011, with real credit in some countries growing by up to 20 percent per year. This paper...