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Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure

Appendix I. Government and Budget Structure »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

The Constitution Under Mongolia’s 1960 Constitution, which established the central role of the public sector and the MPRP, all land, natural resources, factories, transportation, and...

Appendix II. Structure of the Banking System

Appendix II. Structure of the Banking System »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Banking System Background and Structure Through August 1990 Mongolia has a monopolistic banking structure. The national bank was established in 1924 as...

Appendix III. Structure of External Transactions and Payments

Appendix III. Structure of External Transactions and Payments »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Balance of Payments Historically, Mongolia conducted external transactions within the context of the five-year plan. During the 1970s and first half of the 1980s, the CMEA area accou...

Appendix IV. Mongolian Statistics

Appendix IV. Mongolian Statistics »

Source: The Mongolian People's Republic : Toward a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Padej Sukachevin , John Leimone , F. Rozwadowski , and Elizabeth Milne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

ISBN: 9781557752079

Keywords: state bank, foreign exchange, foreign trade, banking, balance of payments

Mongolia’s statistical base is comprehensive, although it emphasizes information related to real sector activities. Until recently, economic and financial data were maintained primarily to measure performanc...

Benford’s Law and Macroeconomic Data Quality

Benford’s Law and Macroeconomic Data Quality »

Source: Benford's Law and Macroeconomic Data Quality

Volume/Issue: 2009/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2009

ISBN: 9781451871579

Keywords: Benford&;amp;#x2019;s law, first-digit phenomenon, data quality, data errors, data dissemination ROSC, statistics, observations, goodness of fit, survey,

This paper examines the usefulness of testing the conformity of macroeconomic data with Benford's law as indicator of data quality. Most of the macroeconomic data series tested conform with Benford's law. However,...

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier Asian economies are poised for continued rapid growth. 1 Their per capita incomes may be relatively low compared with the rest of Asia at present, but they are clearly on...

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial sector development and deepening are broadly seen to be essential to long-term growth because they enable saving and facilitate investment (see Chapter 6 on Financial Sector Deepening). Although th...

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Limited diversification in exports and broader economic structure have long been underlying characteristics of many developing and, in particular, frontier economies. Yet some have shown a remarkable economi...

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial deepening is a multidimensional concept. It can be viewed as the process of enhancing and broadening financial systems by increasing the depth, liquidity, efficiency, and volumes of financial insti...

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As growth in several major emerging market economies has slowed, economists and investors alike have shown more interest in a second group of countries in Asia and beyond—the frontier economies. A number of...