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Adjustment Under a Currency Peg

Adjustment Under a Currency Peg »

Source: Adjustment Under a Currency Peg : Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania During the Global Financial Crisis 2008-09

Volume/Issue: 2010/213

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Christoph Rosenberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455205448

Keywords: Internal devaluation, boom bust, competitiveness, wage adjustment, global financial crisis, wage, benefits, wages, fiscal balance,

The paper traces the Baltics' adjustment strategy during the 2008-09 global financial crisis. The abrupt end to the externally-financed domestic demand boom triggered a severe output collapse, bringing per capita i...

Annex II: Latvia—Extracts from Principal Laws and Regulations

Annex II: Latvia—Extracts from Principal Laws and Regulations »

Source: Republic Of Latvia : Detailed Assessment Of Anti-Money Laundering And Combating The Financing Of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2007/189

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451947014

Keywords: terrorist financing, law enforcement, suspicious transactions, criminal law

This paper discusses key findings of the Detailed Assessment on Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) for the Republic of Latvia. The assessment reveals that aspects of Latvia's f...

APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework

APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

This appendix considers the behavior of real effective exchange rates (REERs) in the Baltics over the period 1994–2002. The analysis is based on a theoretical framework that encompa...

Appendix Growth Regressions and Data Description

Appendix Growth Regressions and Data Description »

Source: Growth in the Central and Eastern European Countries of the European Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Abdul Abiad , Ashoka Mody , Susan Schadler , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2007

ISBN: 9781589065543

Keywords: Eastern Europe, Economic growth, European Union, per capita income, growth rates, tfp, gdp growth, current account deficit

Panel Growth Regressions The analysis of growth performance covered a broad range of countries over the period 1984–2004. While, in principle, the regressions attempted to cover the...

Appendix I. Interest Rate Convergence in Countries with a Currency Board Arrangement

Appendix I. Interest Rate Convergence in Countries with a Currency Board Arrangement »

Source: Currency Board Arrangements : Issues and Experiences

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756688

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

One main benefit of a CBA is to facilitate the convergence of domestic interest rates to international levels. This appendix describes interest rate convergence processes in Argenti...

Appendix II. Lender of Last Resort and Banking Crisis Management

Appendix II. Lender of Last Resort and Banking Crisis Management »

Source: Currency Board Arrangements : Issues and Experiences

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756688

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

Although currency boards during the colonial period were constrained from providing LOLR support, major commercial banks, which were foreign owned, could rely on their headquarters...

Appendix III. Monetary Policy Implementation

Appendix III. Monetary Policy Implementation »

Source: Currency Board Arrangements : Issues and Experiences

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756688

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

As noted in the main body of the paper, experience suggests that monetary operations can play a useful role in smoothing day-to-day monetary conditions or accelerating adjustment to...

Appendix IV. Background Tables

Appendix IV. Background Tables »

Source: Currency Board Arrangements : Issues and Experiences

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756688

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

Table 1. Basic Description of Eight Currency Board Arrangements...

Assessing Options for Nordic-Baltic Co-operation in Biosafety

Assessing Options for Nordic-Baltic Co-operation in Biosafety »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9789289312110

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Genetically Modified Organisms, Emphasis on Environmental Aspects, Risk Assessment and Monitoring, Exchanging Information and Experiences, Reports from Group Discussions, Nordic and Baltic Authorities

This report is the outcome of a meeting arranged to assess the options and need for co-operation of Nordic and Baltic authorities regarding safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), with the emphasis on envi...

Assessing the Risk of Private Sector Debt Overhang in the Baltic Countries

Assessing the Risk of Private Sector Debt Overhang in the Baltic Countries »

Source: Assessing the Risk of Private Sector Debt Overhang in the Baltic Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Herzberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209507

Keywords: private sector debt, Baltic economies, debt overhang, corporate sector, debt service, central bank, Financial Economics: General, Financial Institutions and Services: General,

Between 2000 and 2007 nonfinancial private sector credit expanded rapidly in the Baltic countries, resulting in a non-negligible build-up of debt. Could this legacy debt hold back the economic recovery of the regio...