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Adjusting to New Realities

Adjusting to New Realities »

Source: Adjusting to New Realities : MENA, The Uruguay Round, and the EU-Mediterranean Initiative

Volume/Issue: 1997/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susan Fennell , Patricia Alonso-Gamo , and Khaled Sakr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451842142

Keywords: trade reform, oil exports, trade taxes, quantitative restrictions

This paper addresses concerns that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, with the exception of the GCC economies, has lagged behind in trade liberalization. This delay has adversely affected production ef...

3 An Overview of Recent Trade Policy Developments

3 An Overview of Recent Trade Policy Developments »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

This paper gives you an overview of the main topics that we are going to discuss during the week, against the backdrop of recent developments in the world trading system. A number o...

10 An Overview of the Uruguay Round

10 An Overview of the Uruguay Round »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

This paper provides a brief historical sketch of the evolution of the multilateral trading system since its creation, seeking to place the role of the Uruguay Round negotiations in...

Appendix Capital Flight and Capital Controls

Appendix Capital Flight and Capital Controls »

Source: Liberalization of the Capital Account : Experiences and Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Liliana Rojas-Suárez , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1993

ISBN: 9781557752802

Keywords: capital controls, exchange rate, capital account convertibility, capital flows, capital inflows

Letting wt equal stock of wealth at time t, then the analysis in the main text suggests that desired holdings of domestic (DA) and foreign (CF) assets will be given...

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Various problems that arise in defining QFA, and in measuring the quasi-fiscal component of the operations of central banks and other PFIs, were briefly discussed in the text, as were the difficulties that c...

Appendix I. The Role of the IMF

Appendix I. The Role of the IMF »

Source: Sovereign Debt Restructuring and Debt Sustainability : An Analysis of Recent Cross-Country Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Mauro Mecagni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066106

Keywords: public debt, bonds, sovereign debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability

The restructurings generally occurred while IMF arrangements were in place. 49 All eight countries had an IMF arrangement when they restructured th...

Appendix II. Outcomes of Recent Restructurings

Appendix II. Outcomes of Recent Restructurings »

Source: Sovereign Debt Restructuring and Debt Sustainability : An Analysis of Recent Cross-Country Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Mauro Mecagni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066106

Keywords: public debt, bonds, sovereign debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability

In September and October 1998, Ukraine restructured treasury bills equivalent to approximately $300 million and held by nonresidents into a two-year zero-coupon Eurobond with an ann...

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience

Appendix II Varieties of Country Experience »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

This appendix describes a variety of QFAs that have been practiced in IMF member countries. Its intent is to give a flavor of the many forms that such practices can take; the countries whose experience is ci...

Appendix III. Debt Decompositions in the Post-Restructuring Phase

Appendix III. Debt Decompositions in the Post-Restructuring Phase »

Source: Sovereign Debt Restructuring and Debt Sustainability : An Analysis of Recent Cross-Country Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Harald Finger , and Mauro Mecagni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066106

Keywords: public debt, bonds, sovereign debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability

This appendix provides an analysis of the comparison between the actual debt dynamics of the countries in their post-restructuring periods with the projections in the IMF staff repo...

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies

Appendix III Five Country Case Studies »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Uruguay The history of QFA in the central bank and certain other PFIs since the early 1970s 50 can be divided roughly into three periods: the first,...