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Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence†

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence† »

Source: Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513500805

Keywords: capital inflows, bonds, bond, return, domestic bonds, All Countries, apital inflows,

The workhorse open-economy macro model suggests that capital inflows are contractionary because they appreciate the currency and reduce net exports. Emerging market policy makers however believe that inflows lead t...

Are Non-Euro Area EU Countries Importing Low Inflation from the Euro Area?

Are Non-Euro Area EU Countries Importing Low Inflation from the Euro Area? »

Source: Are Non-Euro Area EU Countries Importing Low Inflation from the Euro Area?

Volume/Issue: 2014/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Plamen Iossifov , and Jiri Podpiera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

ISBN: 9781484300527

Keywords: monetary policy, inflationary expectations, monetary fund

The synchronized disinflation across Europe since end-2011 raises the question of whether non-euro area EU countries are affected by the undershooting of the euro area inflation target. To shed light on this issue,...

Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone?

Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone? »

Source: Are Pegged and Intermediate Regimes More Crisis Prone?

Volume/Issue: 2003/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Bubula , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875317

Keywords: bipolar view, pegged regimes, soft pegs, floats, intermediate regimes, exchange market pressure, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rates, exchange rate regime

This paper provides evidence on the susceptibility of different types of exchange rate regimes to currency crises during 1990-2001. It explores the incidence of crises, identified as episodes of severe exchange mar...

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings »

Source: Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Kiff , Sylwia Nowak , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931858

Keywords: Sovereign ratings, rating agencies, credit ratings, asian crisis, emerging markets, An Investigation into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

We find that Credit Rating Agencies (CRA)'s opinions have an impact in the cost of funding of sovereign issuers and consequently ratings are a concern for financial stability. While ratings produced by the major CR...

Aspects of Fiscal Performance in Some Transition Economies Under Fund-Supported Programs

Aspects of Fiscal Performance in Some Transition Economies Under Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: Aspects of Fiscal Performance in Some Transition Economies Under Fund-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 1997/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Willem Buiter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1997

ISBN: 9781451980073

Keywords: debt, interest, public debt, deficits, fiscal deficits

Key medium– and longer–term fiscal issues faced by transition economies are reviewed, including government solvency and the sustainability of the fiscal–financial–monetary program. The p...

Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies

Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies »

Source: Assessing and Managing Rapid Credit Growth and the Role of Supervisory and Prudential Policies

Volume/Issue: 2005/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Gudrun Johnsen , Paul Hilbers , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861709

Keywords: credit growth, supervisory and prudential policies, banking, foreign exchange, financial sector, bank credit, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

This paper reviews trends in bank lending to the private sector, with a particular focus on Central and Eastern European countries, and finds that rapid growth of private sector credit continues to be a key challen...

Assessing Eastern Europe's Capital Needs

Assessing Eastern Europe's Capital Needs »

Source: Assessing Eastern Europe's Capital Needs

Volume/Issue: 1992/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Boote

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1992

ISBN: 9781451842821

Keywords: capital stock, capital needs, capital accumulation, efficiency of capital, capital equipment

The paper aims at assessing the capital needs of Eastern Europe in catching up to EC standards of living using the framework of a CES (constant elasticity of substitution) production function model. This function,...

Auctions

Auctions »

Source: Auctions : Theory and Possible Applications to Economies in Transition

Volume/Issue: 1993/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rajnish Mehra , and Robert Feldman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1993

ISBN: 9781451842838

Keywords: bidder, government securities, winning bidder, competitive bidding, winning bid

A major effort is taking place in many parts of the world to establish market-oriented institutions, a development that is particularly evident in the context of the transforming economies in Eastern Europe and the...

Audit Committees in Central Banks

Audit Committees in Central Banks »

Source: Audit Committees in Central Banks

Volume/Issue: 2007/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Sullivan , Marie-Therese Camilleri , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866377

Keywords: audit committees, audit committee, internal audit, financial statements, corporate governance,

This paper reviews the tasks and design of audit committees, increasingly recommended as a way to strengthen financial accountability and good central bank governance. It outlines the motivations for the establishm...