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The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands: 1987-1991

The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands: 1987-1991 »

Source: The Credibility of Nordic Exchange Rate Bands : 1987-1991

Volume/Issue: 1992/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Geadah , Lars Svensson , and Tapio Saavalainen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451841817

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate band, forward exchange, foreign exchange

The credibility of the exchange rate bands in the Nordic countries during 1987-91 is examined with two tests. The results suggest that the credibility of Finland’s exchange rate band within a twelve-month ho...

Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources1

Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources1 »

Source: Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources

Volume/Issue: 2009/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871807

Keywords: resources, current account balance, current account balances, current account surpluses

Exporters of exhaustible resources have historically exhibited higher income volatility than other economies, suggesting a heightened role for precautionary savings. This paper uses a parameterized small open econo...

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates »

Source: Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 1996/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451846928

Keywords: exchange rates, real exchange rates, exchange rate, time series, real exchange rate

The time-series properties of real exchange rates, on a number of definitions, for 22 industrial countries during 1979-95 were used to re-examine whether PPP holds. It is shown that if real exchange rates reverted...

The Euro’s Effecton Trade Imbalances

The Euro’s Effecton Trade Imbalances »

Source: The Euro's Effecton Trade Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2010/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , and Volker Nitsch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

ISBN: 9781455208913

Keywords: imbalances, trade balance, trade surplus, trade deficit, EMU, European integration, exchange rate, trade imbalances, exchange rates, real exchange rate

When does trade become a one-way relationship? We study bilateral trade balances for a sample of 18 European countries over the period from 1948 through 2008. We find that, with the introduction of the euro, trade...

Evaluating Historical CGER Assessments

Evaluating Historical CGER Assessments »

Source: Evaluating Historical CGER Assessments : How Well Have They Predicted Subsequent Exchange Rate Movements?

Volume/Issue: 2009/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jungjin Lee , Abdul Abiad , and Prakash Kannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871791

Keywords: misalignment, exchange rate, statistic, prediction, real exchange rate,

The IMF's Consultative Group on Exchange Rate issues (CGER) has been conducting exchange rate assessments as part of the surveillance process since 1997. This paper evaluates CGER assessments from 1997 to 2006, by...

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries »

Source: Exchange Market Pressures and Speculative Capital Flows in Selected European Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

ISBN: 9781451921571

Keywords: exchange rate, probability, foreign exchange, equation, fixed exchange rate

This paper estimates a speculative attack model of currency crises in an attempt to identify the roles of macroeconomic fundamentals and speculative market pressures in the recent crisis, as well as earlier devalua...

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology »

Source: The External Balance Assessment (EBA) Methodology

Volume/Issue: 2013/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Phillips , Luis Catão , Luca Ricci , Rudolfs Bems , Mitali Das , Julian Di Giovanni , Filiz Unsal , Marola Castillo , Jungjin Lee , Jair Rodriguez , and Mauricio Vargas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484346686

Keywords: net foreign assets, current accounts, private credit, reserve currency, current account balances, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

The External Balance Assessment (EBA) methodology has been developed by the IMF's Research Department as a successor to the CGER methodology for assessing current accounts and exchange rates in a multilaterally con...

How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures

How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures »

Source: How Expensive is Norway? New International Relative Price Measures

Volume/Issue: 2010/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kornelia Krajnyak , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201167

Keywords: real effective exchange rate, Penn World Tables, relative prices, relative price, exchange rate, effective exchange rate, exchange rates, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

In this paper, we derive two new measures of international relative prices for Norway. Developments in these new measures follow rather closely movements in the CPI-based real effective exchange rate through the 19...

Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources

Current Account and Precautionary Savings for Exporters of Exhaustible Resources »

Volume/Issue: 2009/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871807.001

ISBN: 9781451871807

Keywords: resources, current account balance, current account balances, current account surpluses

Exporters of exhaustible resources have historically exhibited higher income volatility than other economies, suggesting a heightened role for precautionary savings. This paper uses a parameterized small open econo...

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates

Estimation of the Near Unit Root Model of Real Exchange Rates »

Volume/Issue: 1996/50

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846928.001

ISBN: 9781451846928

Keywords: exchange rates, real exchange rates, exchange rate, time series, real exchange rate

The time-series properties of real exchange rates, on a number of definitions, for 22 industrial countries during 1979-95 were used to re-examine whether PPP holds. It is shown that if real exchange rates reverted...