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The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

An Analysis of Reserve Tranche Positions and their Use

An Analysis of Reserve Tranche Positions and their Use »

Source: An Analysis of Reserve Tranche Positions and their Use

Volume/Issue: 1988/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 1988

ISBN: 9781451946659

Keywords: reserve tranche, reserve tranche positions, balance of payments, current account, reserve assets

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Assessing Target Zone Credibility

Assessing Target Zone Credibility »

Source: Assessing Target Zone Credibility : Mean Reversion and Devaluation Expectations in the EMS

Volume/Issue: 1991/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1991

ISBN: 9781451949964

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, foreign exchange, exchange risk, foreign exchange risk

The paper presents estimates of devaluation expectations for six EMS currencies relative to the Deutsche mark, for the period March 1979-May 1990. The estimation method is simple and operational, and consistently g...

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream

Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream »

Source: Avoid Filling Swiss Cheese with Whipped Cream : Imputation Techniques and Evaluation Procedures for Cross-Country Time Series

Volume/Issue: 2011/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Weber , and Michaela Denk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455270507

Keywords: Missing or incomplete data, imputation quality, statistical matching, time series, missing data, algorithms, statistical methods, cluster analysis, Estimation, Model Evaluation and Selection

International organizations collect data from national authorities to create multivariate cross-sectional time series for their analyses. As data from countries with not yet well-established statistical systems may...

Banking Competition, Risk, and Regulation

Banking Competition, Risk, and Regulation »

Source: Banking Competition, Risk, and Regulation

Volume/Issue: 2004/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Tieman , and Wilko Bolt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451842814

Keywords: Banking competition, risk profile, failure rate, capital adequacy requirements, capital adequacy, banking, capital adequacy ratio, capital requirement, bank behavior, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

In a dynamic theoretical framework, commercial banks compete for customers by setting acceptance criteria for granting loans, taking regulatory requirements into account. By easing its acceptance criteria a bank fa...

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders »

Source: Banks and Labor as Stakeholders : Impact on Economic Performance

Volume/Issue: 2008/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870879

Keywords: stakeholders, shareholders&;amp;#x2019; maximization, financial liberalization, employment protection, employment, shareholders,

Traditionally, the impacts of the rights of financial institutions and workers on corporate performance have been analyzed independently. Yet, theory clearly indicates that the combination of relative powers of dif...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1 »

Source: Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Performance

Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Performance »

Source: Capital Account Liberalization and Economic Performance : Survey and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 2002/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Sloek , Michael Klein , Luca Ricci , and Hali Edison

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854282

Keywords: and Financial Development, and Growth, capital account, capital accounts, capital account openness, General Outlook and Conditions, Growth,

This paper reviews and discusses issues involved in assessing the relationship between capital account liberalization and economic performance. First, it discusses the different measures of restrictions used in the...

A Cointegration Model for Search Equilibrium Wage Formation

A Cointegration Model for Search Equilibrium Wage Formation »

Source: A Cointegration Model for Search Equilibrium Wage Formation

Volume/Issue: 2004/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451851625

Keywords: Economic models, Labor markets, wage curve, labor market flows, cointegration model, wage, unemployment, wage equation, wages, employment

In flow models of the labor market, wages are determined by negotiations between workers and employers on the surplus value of a realized match. From this perspective, this paper presents an econometric analysis of...

Collective Bargaining Through the Magnifying Glass

Collective Bargaining Through the Magnifying Glass »

Source: Collective Bargaining Through the Magnifying Glass : A Comparison Between the Netherlands and Portugal

Volume/Issue: 2017/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hijzen , Pedro Martins , and Jante Parlevliet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

ISBN: 9781484332986

Keywords: Netherlands, Portugal, Employment, Europe, Industrial relations, social dialogue, General, Comparative Studies of Particular Economies

Since the global financial crisis, sector-level bargaining has come under renewed scrutiny. While in Southern Europe, the crisis raised concerns about the role of collective bargaining as an obstacle to labor marke...