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Assessing Fiscal Space - An Initial Consistent Set of Considerations

Assessing Fiscal Space - An Initial Consistent Set of Considerations »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Space - An Initial Consistent Set of Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2016/032

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2016

ISBN: 9781498345583

Keywords: Economic policy, Fiscal policy, Fiscal indicators, Fiscal space, Tax increases, market access, country-specific, sustainability, distortionary, labor tax

Fiscal space is a multi-dimensional concept reflecting whether a government can raise spending or lower taxes without endangering market access and debt sustainability. Making such a determination requires a compre...

1 Australia

1 Australia »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Compared with most of the smaller industrial economies, Australia has a small external trade sector—foreign trade amounts to approximately 15 percent of GDP. Although this and abundant energy resources have...

2 Austria

2 Austria »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The openness of the Austrian economy, in which foreign trade amounts to approximately one fourth of GDP, makes it vulnerable to external disturbances; consequently, a major aim of fiscal policy has been to s...

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders »

Source: Banks and Labor as Stakeholders : Impact on Economic Performance

Volume/Issue: 2008/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870879

Keywords: stakeholders, shareholders&;amp;#x2019; maximization, financial liberalization, employment protection, employment, shareholders,

Traditionally, the impacts of the rights of financial institutions and workers on corporate performance have been analyzed independently. Yet, theory clearly indicates that the combination of relative powers of dif...

3 Belgium

3 Belgium »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

Following several years of strong growth, real GDP declined by almost 2 percent in 1975; after a sharp recovery in 1976, when over 5 percent real growth was registered, economic activity again turned sluggis...

9 Case Studies of Four Large Economies

9 Case Studies of Four Large Economies »

Source: Wage Determination and Incomes Policy in Open Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): Anne Braun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934751

Keywords: wage, inflation, wages, wage increases, wage bargaining

Chapters 9 and 10 consist of case studies and some general conclusions on labor market organization and incomes policies since the 1960s in the United Kingdom, Japan, the Federal Republic of Ger...

10 Case Studies of Three Small Economies

10 Case Studies of Three Small Economies »

Source: Wage Determination and Incomes Policy in Open Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): Anne Braun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934751

Keywords: wage, inflation, wages, wage increases, wage bargaining

Strongly institutionalized incomes policies have been a persistent feature of economic management in Austria, the Netherlands, and Norway, 1 contributing to the achievement of rea...

Deconstructing Job Creation

Deconstructing Job Creation »

Source: Deconstructing Job Creation

Volume/Issue: 1999/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pietro Garibaldi , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451853193

Keywords: job creation, European unemployment, firing costs, employment, jobs, unemployment, employment growth

This paper studies net employment growth across 21 OECD economies in 1980-97, focusing on experiences within the European Union. It finds that sectoral effects can only partially account for differences in job crea...

7 Demand Expansion, Inflation, and Real Output Growth Under Imperfect Competition

7 Demand Expansion, Inflation, and Real Output Growth Under Imperfect Competition »

Source: Wage Determination and Incomes Policy in Open Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): Anne Braun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934751

Keywords: wage, inflation, wages, wage increases, wage bargaining

This chapter discusses certain aspects of the workings of an industrial economy which cause changes in the rate of expansion of nominal demand to be reflected to a varying degree in price changes or in chang...

4 Denmark

4 Denmark »

Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The relatively open Danish economy, where foreign trade amounts to 25 to 30 percent of GDP, was severely affected by the two oil crises and the ensuing global recession. Denmark’s heavy dependence on importe...