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Africa's Got Work to Do

Africa's Got Work to Do »

Source: Africa's Got Work to Do : Employment Prospects in the New Century

Volume/Issue: 2013/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Cleary Haines , Jorge Huerta Munoz , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484389195

Keywords: wage employment, household enterprises, labor, General, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Sub-Saharan Africa.,

Estimates of the current and future structure of employment in sub-Saharan Africa (2005–20) are obtained based on household survey estimates for 28 countries and an elasticity-type model that relates employm...

Aid Scaling Up

Aid Scaling Up »

Source: Aid Scaling Up : Do Wage Bill Ceilings Stand in the Way?

Volume/Issue: 2006/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Annalisa Fedelino , Gerd Schwartz , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

ISBN: 9781451863666

Keywords: IMF conditionality, aid scaling up, MDGs, wage, salaries, civil service, government wages, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Wages, Compensation

This paper assesses whether the scaling up of aid and the resulting increase in government spending that is needed to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) would be hampered by wage bill ceilings that are of...

Analyzing Fiscal Space Using the MAMS Model - An Application to Burkina Faso

Analyzing Fiscal Space Using the MAMS Model - An Application to Burkina Faso »

Source: Analyzing Fiscal Space Using the MAMS Model - An Application to Burkina Faso

Volume/Issue: 2009/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873740

Keywords: simulation, computable general equilibrium model, wage, wages, wage rates, government spending,

This paper analyses economic implications and the transmission mechanisms of different options for creating and using fiscal space. For creating fiscal space, we consider prioritizing expenditures, raising revenue,...

Apartheid, Growth and Income Distribution in South Africa

Apartheid, Growth and Income Distribution in South Africa »

Source: Apartheid, Growth and Income Distribution in South Africa : Past History and Future Prospects

Volume/Issue: 1991/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Corker , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451853902

Keywords: employment, wages, wage, labor income

Estimates of a supply-side model of the nonprimary sectors, in which particular attention has been paid to modeling key characteristics of the evolution of the apartheid system, are presented. These imply that the...

Appendix I Data and Definitions

Appendix I Data and Definitions »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

An adjustment episode is defined as any year or succession of years of uninterrupted improvement in the fiscal primary balance, and focuses on the consolidated central government (o...

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes

Appendix II Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Table A2.1. Large Fiscal Adjustment Episodes 1...

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix III Case Studies of Large Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Thirteen case studies were prepared to supplement the empirical analysis. 19 The case studies offer further evidence about success and adjustment d...

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

The duration of fiscal consolidation can be expressed by a hazard function. A hazard function measures the probability that a fiscal consolidation will end in time period t, provide...

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Figure A5.1. Event Studies: Key Macroeconomic Indicators (Annual percentage change, unless indicated otherwise)...

Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor

Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor »

Source: Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor : The Case of Malawi

Volume/Issue: 1991/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Odd Brekk , and Ronald Hicks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1991

ISBN: 9781451853513

Keywords: expenditure, wage, expenditures, expenditure patterns

This paper applies, through a case study on Malawi, a simple methodology indicating the first-round (i.e., price) effects of macroeconomic policies on real earnings of the poor. As the economic program in Malawi ha...