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A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Source: A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

Volume/Issue: 2014/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

ISBN: 9781484398241

Keywords: Education expenditure, efficiency, hybrid, developing economies, emerging economies, education spending, expenditure, educational outcomes, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybr...

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398241.001

ISBN: 9781484398241

Keywords: Education expenditure, efficiency, hybrid, developing economies, emerging economies, education spending, expenditure, educational outcomes, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybr...

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies »

Source: Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475516500

Keywords: fiscal adjustments, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, General,

This paper assesses the effects of fiscal consolidations associated with public debt reduction on medium-term output growth during periods of private debt deleveraging. The analysis covers 107 countries and 79 epis...

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475516500.001

ISBN: 9781475516500

Keywords: fiscal adjustments, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, General,

This paper assesses the effects of fiscal consolidations associated with public debt reduction on medium-term output growth during periods of private debt deleveraging. The analysis covers 107 countries and 79 epis...

Income and Democracy
			: Lipset's Law Revisited

Income and Democracy : Lipset's Law Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2012/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Hoeffler , Robert H. Bates , and Ghada Fayad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475596649.001

ISBN: 9781475596649

Keywords: democracy, dynamic panel data, parameter heterogeneity, cross-section dependence, time series, democratization, error correction coefficient, econometrics, political institutions, Models with Panel Data

We revisit Lipset‘s law, which posits a positive and significant relationship between income and democracy. Using dynamic and heterogeneous panel data estimation techniques, we find a significant and negative relat...

Income and Democracy

Income and Democracy »

Source: Income and Democracy : Lipset's Law Revisited

Volume/Issue: 2012/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Hoeffler , Robert H. Bates , and Ghada Fayad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475596649

Keywords: democracy, dynamic panel data, parameter heterogeneity, cross-section dependence, time series, democratization, error correction coefficient, econometrics, political institutions, Models with Panel Data

We revisit Lipset‘s law, which posits a positive and significant relationship between income and democracy. Using dynamic and heterogeneous panel data estimation techniques, we find a significant and negative relat...

Article I: Buts

Article I: Buts »

Source: Statuts du Fonds Monétaire International

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616352578

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, gold, voting rights, exchange arrangements, repurchases, reserve assets

Les buts du Fonds monétaire international sont les suivants: i) Promouvoir la coopération monétaire internationale au moyen d’une institution permanente fournissant un m...

Article II: Membres

Article II: Membres »

Source: Statuts du Fonds Monétaire International

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616352578

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, gold, voting rights, exchange arrangements, repurchases, reserve assets

Section 1. Membres originaires Sont membres originaires du Fonds les pays qui, ayant participé à la Conférence monétaire et financière des Nations Unies, ont donné leur...

Article III: Quotes-parts et souscriptions

Article III: Quotes-parts et souscriptions »

Source: Statuts du Fonds Monétaire International

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616352578

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, gold, voting rights, exchange arrangements, repurchases, reserve assets

Section 1. Quotes-parts et paiement des souscriptions Une quote-part, exprimée en droits de tirage spéciaux, est assignée à chaque État membre. Les quotes-parts des État...

Article IV: Obligations relatives aux régimes de change

Article IV: Obligations relatives aux régimes de change »

Source: Statuts du Fonds Monétaire International

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616352578

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, gold, voting rights, exchange arrangements, repurchases, reserve assets

Section 1. Obligations générales des États membres Reconnaissant que le but essentiel du système monétaire international est de fournir un cadre qui facilite les échange...