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A Modernized Approach to Managing the Risks in Cross-Border Capital Movements

A Modernized Approach to Managing the Risks in Cross-Border Capital Movements »

Volume/Issue: 1999/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Inci Ötker , and R. Johnston

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972092.003

ISBN: 9781451972092

Keywords: Exchange rate policy, Capital flows, Monetary policy, Cross-border capital movements, prudential risk management, consistency of policy mix, time consistency of exchange rate policy, capital movements, capital controls, capital account

This paper outlines a “modern” approach to managing risks in cross-border capital movements that is consistent with an environment of increased and liberalized capital flows. Key elements of this appr...

A U.S. Value-Added Tax
			: A Review of the Issues

A U.S. Value-Added Tax : A Review of the Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1995/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Christopher Towe , and Saurin Shah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970739.003

ISBN: 9781451970739

Keywords: Tax policy, United States, taxes, added tax, consumption tax, income tax, tax base

This paper reviews issues related to the introduction of a value-added tax in the United States. In particular, the paper distinguishes between European-styled value-added taxes that are levied similarly to sales t...

Africa in the Doha Round
			: Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975796.003

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

Africa
			: Is This the Turning Point?

Africa : Is This the Turning Point? »

Volume/Issue: 1998/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , Stanley Fischer , and Ernesto Hernández-Catá

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972061.003

ISBN: 9781451972061

Keywords: Economic growth, Africa, Structural adjustment

...

Aid Effectiveness
			: A Survey of the Recent Empirical Literature

Aid Effectiveness : A Survey of the Recent Empirical Literature »

Volume/Issue: 1998/1

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Tsidi Tsikata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974850.003

ISBN: 9781451974850

Keywords: Development assistance, Economic growth, Foreign Aid, Growth, exchange rate, real exchange, real exchange rate, international monetary fund, public investment

The preponderance of evidence from the empirical literature on aid effectiveness suggests that development aid has not had a significant impact on growth in recipient countries. However, there is some evidence that...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974034.003

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance

Challenges in Expanding Development Assistance »

Volume/Issue: 2002/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972788.003

ISBN: 9781451972788

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, Poverty, Foreign aid, ODA, international public goods, exchange rate, capita income, industrial countries, real exchange, public goods

This paper highlights the macro and microeconomic challenges associated with success of the effort to mobilize 0.7 percent of GNP for official development assistance (ODA). To promote achievement of the Millennium...

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2004/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Olaf Unteroberdoerster

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972870.003

ISBN: 9781451972870

Keywords: Cambodia, Vietnam, Banking reform, transition economics, Lao P.D.R., banking system, recapitalization, transition economies, loan classification, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper reviews recent banking reform efforts in the lower Mekong countries (LMCs), comprising Cambodia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Vietnam. Linked by close economic and cultural ties, the three L...

Borrowing by Subnational Governments
			: Issues and Selected International Experiences

Borrowing by Subnational Governments : Issues and Selected International Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1996/4

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451973280.003

ISBN: 9781451973280

...

Capital Flight from Russia

Capital Flight from Russia »

Volume/Issue: 2000/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972115.003

ISBN: 9781451972115

Keywords: Capital outflows, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, capital flight, transition, capital controls, capital account, balance of payments

This paper documents the scale of capital flight from Russia, compares it with that observed in other countries, and reviews policy options. The evidence from other countries suggests that capital flight can be rev...