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Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round

Environmental Protectionism, North-South Trade, and the Uruguay Round »

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piritta Sorsa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929041.001

ISBN: 9781451929041

Keywords: environment, environmental standards, environmental agreements, environmental problems, environmental taxes

The paper seeks to provide an overview of the present state of debate on trade, environment and the GATT for developing countries. Potential for green protectionism and relevant GATT rules are discussed in three ar...

International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty

International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty »

Volume/Issue: 1992/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Herber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947847.001

ISBN: 9781451947847

Keywords: environmental externalities, environment, global environment facility, carbon tax, global warming

Traditional public finance theory may be applied to the internalization of international environmental externalities. The policy constraint imposed by the absence of sovereign international government may be partia...

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment

Optimal Fiscal Policy and the Environment »

Volume/Issue: 1998/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856613.001

ISBN: 9781451856613

Keywords: abatement, marginal cost of public funds, pollution taxation, public goods, Samuelson rule, second-best, public spending, environment, environmental quality, taxation

The paper studies the setting of optimal fiscal policy in a second-best world with environmental externalities. The optimal second-best pollution tax is shown to lie below the first-best Pigovian tax, particularly...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment
			: A Review and Synthesis

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis »

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844443.001

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Tax Policy and the Environment
			: Theory and Practice

Tax Policy and the Environment : Theory and Practice »

Volume/Issue: 1994/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Nellor , and Ronald McMorran

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947083.001

ISBN: 9781451947083

Keywords: environment, pollution, environmental damage, gas, coal

This paper provides a framework for examining environment taxes. It reviews the theoretical efficiency of three types of environment taxes: taxes on emissions or Pigouvian taxes; taxes on productive inputs or consu...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes
			: A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes

The Macroeconomic Effects of Environmental Taxes : A Closer Look at the Feasibility of 'Win-Win' Outcomes »

Volume/Issue: 1998/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jenny Ligthart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849707.001

ISBN: 9781451849707

Keywords: Abatement, environmental taxes, double dividend, endogenous growth, green tax reform, optimal taxation, pollution., pollution, environment, environmental quality

This paper reviews recent literature on the macroeconomic effects of environmental taxes. It attempts to delineate the conditions under which a cleaner environment is compatible with attaining macroeconomic objecti...

Towards a Market Economy
			: Structures of Governance

Towards a Market Economy : Structures of Governance »

Volume/Issue: 1997/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre Dhonte , and Ishan Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842746.001

ISBN: 9781451842746

Keywords: environment

This paper proposes an operational interpretation of the concept of economic governance. It argues that the capacity of governments to credibly ensure a secure economic environment provides an important benchmark a...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence
			: Environmental Policy Consequences

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856965.001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

Public Policy and the Enviroment
			: Survey of the Literature

Public Policy and the Enviroment : Survey of the Literature »

Volume/Issue: 1990/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968057.001

ISBN: 9781451968057

Keywords: environmental degradation, pollution, environment, environmental protection, environmental problems

This paper notes that market failure, policy failures, and population pressures are major sources of environmental degradation and that linkages between economic activities and the environment exist at the levels o...

Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112) »

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841961.001

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...