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The Demand for Money During High Inflation Episodes

The Demand for Money During High Inflation Episodes »

Source: The Demand for Money During High Inflation Episodes : Some Latin American Evidenceon the Cagan Model

Volume/Issue: 1991/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Taylor , and Kate Phylaktis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

ISBN: 9781451846683

Keywords: real money, rational expectations, money demand, inflation rate

This paper examines the demand for money under conditions of very high inflation in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile and Peru during the 1970s and 1980s. We test whether the monetary and inflationary experiences o...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Determinants of Private Capital Flows in the 1970's and 1990's

Determinants of Private Capital Flows in the 1970's and 1990's »

Source: Determinants of Private Capital Flows in the 1970's and 1990's : Is there Evidence of Contagion?

Volume/Issue: 2001/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Valdes , Leonardo Hernández , and Pamela Melado

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451848564

Keywords: contagion, capital flows, capital inflows, private capital flows, private capital

This paper studies the determinants of private capital flows to developing countries during the last two episodes of large inflows, the late 1970s-early 1980s and the 1990s. The paper also tests for contagion effec...

Devaluation and Monetary Policy in Developing Countries

Devaluation and Monetary Policy in Developing Countries »

Source: Devaluation and Monetary Policy in Developing Countries : A General Equilibrium Model for Economies Facing Financial Constraints

Volume/Issue: 1987/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1987

ISBN: 9781451923926

Keywords: monetary base, inflation, price level, relative price, money supply

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle1

Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle1 »

Source: Developing Countries and the Feldstein-Horioka Puzzle

Volume/Issue: 1998/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Wacziarg , and Athanasios Vamvakidis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451841732

Keywords: Financial integration, emerging markets, correlation, capital mobility, foreign capital, capital inflows, capital markets

The previous literature points to a high correlation between domestic rates of investment and savings among OECD countries. Some take this as evidence of limited financial integration in the industrialized world. T...

The Development of Local Capital Markets

The Development of Local Capital Markets »

Source: The Development of Local Capital Markets : Rationale and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2014/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498372978

Keywords: financial markets, markets, market, market development, capital market, Globalization: Finance, General, financial markets.,

Capital markets can improve risk sharing and the efficiency with which capital is allocated to the real economy, boosting economic growth and welfare. However, despite these potential benefits, not all countries ha...

Deviations From Uncovered Interest Parity

Deviations From Uncovered Interest Parity »

Source: Deviations From Uncovered Interest Parity : A Global Guide to Where the Action Is

Volume/Issue: 1998/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evan Tanner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451941647

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, inflation, exchange rates, real exchange rates

Ex-post deviations from uncovered interest parity (UIP) – realized differences between dollar returns on identical assets of different currencies – equal the real interest differential plus real excha...

The Distributional Bias of Public Education

The Distributional Bias of Public Education »

Source: The Distributional Bias of Public Education : Causes and Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2004/214

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451875027

Keywords: Public education, incidence bias, inequality, education spending, income inequality, private education, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

While public education is often intended to be progressive in its effects on income distribution, in reality its incidence is often skewed toward the rich. This paper argues that the extent of this bias is directly...

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure

The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure »

Source: The Distributional Effects of Public Expenditure : Update and Overview

Volume/Issue: 1995/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian , and Gerd Schwartz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1995

ISBN: 9781451850581

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, expenditure programs, public expenditures, expenditures

It is commonly agreed that economic policies, including budgetary policies, can have potentially strong distributional effects. Traditional economic analysis held that economic policies affected the income distribu...

Do Dynamic Provisions Enhance Bank Solvency and Reduce Credit Procyclicality? a Study of the Chilean Banking System*

Do Dynamic Provisions Enhance Bank Solvency and Reduce Credit Procyclicality? a Study of the Chilean Banking System* »

Source: Do Dynamic Provisions Enhance Bank Solvency and Reduce Credit Procyclicality? a Study of the Chilean Banking System

Volume/Issue: 2012/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503531

Keywords: Dynamic provisions, procyclicality, simulation, Chile, banking, calibration, bank solvency, equation, statistics

Dynamic provisions could help to enhance the solvency of individual banks and reduce procyclicality. Accomplishing these objectives depends on country-specific features of the banking system, business practices, an...