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To Pay the Piper: Countries face a far higher interest rate premium for defaulting on their sovereign debts than previous wisdom suggested

To Pay the Piper: Countries face a far higher interest rate premium for defaulting on their sovereign debts than previous wisdom suggested »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2015

Volume/Issue: 52/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2015

ISBN: 9781475537161

Keywords: energy, carbon, emissions, climate, investment

This article presents an overview of the life of Richard Layard, who believes that the basic purpose of economics is the maximization of happiness and well-being. As director of the Wellbeing Programme at the Londo...

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound »

Source: Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound

Volume/Issue: 2015/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruchir Agarwal , and Miles Kimball

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513567327

Keywords: electronic money, currency, paper currency, interest rate, money, interest rates, General, All Countries,

There has been much discussion about eliminating the 'zero lower bound' by eliminating paper currency. But such a radical and difficult approach as eliminating paper currency is not necessary. Much as during the Gr...

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound »

Volume/Issue: 2015/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruchir Agarwal , and Miles Kimball

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567327.001

ISBN: 9781513567327

Keywords: electronic money, currency, paper currency, interest rate, money, interest rates, General, All Countries,

There has been much discussion about eliminating the 'zero lower bound' by eliminating paper currency. But such a radical and difficult approach as eliminating paper currency is not necessary. Much as during the Gr...

Appendix I. CDIS Data Reporting Templates and Metadata Questionnaire

Appendix I. CDIS Data Reporting Templates and Metadata Questionnaire »

Source: The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

The two data reporting templates and the metadata questionnaire are included in this appendix. The most recent versions are also available at http://data.imf.org....

Appendix II. Residence and Institutional Units

Appendix II. Residence and Institutional Units »

Source: The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

II.1 For the convenience of economies participating in the CDIS, this appendix provides key definitions and concepts, taken mainly from the Balance of Payments and International Investment Posit...

Appendix III. Additional Items

Appendix III. Additional Items »

Source: The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

III.1 In addition to respondent identification information and data on direct investment positions that are needed for participating in the IMF’s CDIS, compilers may wish to collect additional d...

Appendix IV. CDIS Model Survey Forms

Appendix IV. CDIS Model Survey Forms »

Source: The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

Model Form 1. Collection Form for Inward Direct Investment Positions The following is a model letter for forwarding the form to potential respondents: Dear Sir/Madam,...

Appendix V. Regional Groupings

Appendix V. Regional Groupings »

Source: The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

Europe North Afric...

4. Compilation and Reporting of Direct Investment Statistics

4. Compilation and Reporting of Direct Investment Statistics »

Source: The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

It is important to differentiate between data collection (Chapters 2 and 3) and the compilation and reporting of direct investment data, as each of these steps involves special treatment....

6. Consistency and Validation of CDIS Data

6. Consistency and Validation of CDIS Data »

Source: The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

The purpose of this chapter is to assist compilers in improving the quality of direct investment data by using some recommended self-assessment tools for compiling and reporting data, by assessi...