Browse

You are looking at 51 - 60 of 223 items :

  • IMF Policy Discussion Papers x
Clear All
Social Protection in Transition Countries
			: Emerging Issues

Social Protection in Transition Countries : Emerging Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1996/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Ke-young Chu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972535.003

ISBN: 9781451972535

Keywords: Social policy, Tax policy, benefits, payroll, wage, pensions, informal sector

The paper discusses the social protection implications of the weakening financial and administrative capacity of countries undergoing economic transition. The formal sector is shrinking, and unemployment and undere...

Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997
			: Achievements And Remaining Challenges

Stabilization Policies and Structural Reforms in Albania Since 1997 : Achievements And Remaining Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2002/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974508.003

ISBN: 9781451974508

Keywords: Economic stabilization, Albania, Albania, macroeconomic stabilization, structural reform, deficit, interest, budget, balance of payments, interest rates

This paper assesses the effectiveness of stabilization policies and structural reforms in Albania since 1997 and seeks to identify the remaining key challenges in various policy areas. It also draws lessons for oth...

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon
			: Why Does it Matter?

Strengthening Transparency in the Oil Sector in Cameroon : Why Does it Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stéphane Cossé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972535.003

ISBN: 9781451946123

Keywords: Cameroon, Fiscal transparency, Governance, Oil producing countries, Oil sector, Transparency, African economies, EITI, oil revenue, public expenditure

There has been a growing recognition of the importance of transparency for economic growth and social development in oil producing countries. This paper analyzes transparency issues in Cameroon's oil sector. It sho...

The Capital Inflows Problem
			: Concepts and Issues

The Capital Inflows Problem : Concepts and Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1993/10

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Leonardo Leiderman , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451969931.003

ISBN: 9781451969931

Keywords: Inflation, capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, exchange rate appreciation

Since 1990 capital has started to move from industrial countries to developing regions like Latin America, the Middle East and parts of Asia. Reentry into international capital markets is a welcome turn of events f...

The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries
			: Beyond the Uruguay Round

The New Protectionism in Industrial Countries : Beyond the Uruguay Round »

Volume/Issue: 1994/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Douglas Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972405.003

ISBN: 9781451972405

Keywords: international trade, import competition, trade restrictions, comparative advantage, domestic firms

This paper presents a broad overview of trade protection in industrial countries from the 1970s to the present. The emphasis of such measures has shifted from the protection of agriculture and basic manufacturing i...

The State of Tax Policy in the Central Asian and Transcaucasian Newly Independent States (NIS)

The State of Tax Policy in the Central Asian and Transcaucasian Newly Independent States (NIS) »

Volume/Issue: 1993/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , and Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970678.003

ISBN: 9781451970678

Keywords: tax reform, taxation, tax structures, tax structure, tax systems

Two possible tax policy strategies for the NIS are: (1) an optimal nondistortionary tax structure as a one-shot action; and (2) a structure with identifiable and clearly understood distortionary elements as a tempo...

The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally-Planned Economies of Eastern Europe
			: Lessons and Challenges

The Strategy of Reform in the Previously Centrally-Planned Economies of Eastern Europe : Lessons and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 1993/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971873.003

ISBN: 9781451971873

Keywords: privatization, state enterprises, mass privatization, enterprise debt, enterprise sector

This paper analyzes some of the lessons that can be drawn from the experience of Eastern Europe in the process of transition to a market economy that is under way, and examines some key challenges currently facing...

The United States
			: Japan Current Account Imbalance:  A Review

The United States : Japan Current Account Imbalance: A Review »

Volume/Issue: 1994/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970708.003

ISBN: 9781451970708

Keywords: exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, trade flows, real exchange rates

This paper reviews the macroeconomic and microeconomic dimensions of the United States-Japan conflict over trade. From a macroeconomic perspective, there is nothing surprising about Japan’s surpluses, given...

Unemployment in Ireland
			: A Survey of Features and Causes

Unemployment in Ireland : A Survey of Features and Causes »

Volume/Issue: 1994/27

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julio Santaella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960457.003

ISBN: 9781451960457

Keywords: Ireland, Ireland, Labor policy, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, unemployment problem, unemployed

This paper examines the problem of unemployment in Ireland. A brief description of the main distinctive features of the structure of Irish unemployment is presented. Based on up to date literature, the possible cau...

IMF Policy Discussion Papers

IMF Policy Discussion Papers »

Source: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

This series contains papers on internal and external reviews of IMF policies and operations, and other policy-related papers by the IMF staff...