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African Banks Need More Lending Nerve, Says Author

African Banks Need More Lending Nerve, Says Author »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 06

Volume/Issue: 36/6

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451938319

Keywords: international monetary fund, financial globalization, development bank, macroeconomic management

Spring Meetings preview, world outlook, global financial stability, U.S. subprime mortgages, labor globalization, external imbalances, IMF and Africa, wage bill ceilings, policy support instrument, modernizing IMF...

African finance ministers press conference: Rich countries urged to provide more aid, trade, and debt relief and less hypocrisy

African finance ministers press conference: Rich countries urged to provide more aid, trade, and debt relief and less hypocrisy »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 33, Issue 08

Volume/Issue: 33/8

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 2004

ISBN: 9781451933208

Keywords: trade liberalization, international community, structural reforms, economic outlook, financial sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

After the Fall

After the Fall »

Source: After the Fall : Lessons for Policy Cooperation from the Global Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2014/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498375764

Keywords: Policy cooperation, institutuinal coarregements, policy spillovers, central bank, monetary fund, financial stability, monetary policies, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics, institutional coarrangements,

A crisis is a terrible thing to waste, and nowhere is this truer than in the arena of international economic policy cooperation. With the world facing the largest and most synchronized plunge in output of the postw...

After the Metals Market Boom

After the Metals Market Boom »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1990

Volume/Issue: 27/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

ISBN: 9781451952476

Keywords: national saving, domestic investment, world economy, aggregate demand, national income

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Aggregate Uncertainty and the Supply of Credit

Aggregate Uncertainty and the Supply of Credit »

Source: Aggregate Uncertainty and the Supply of Credit

Volume/Issue: 2013/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2013

ISBN: 9781475513936

Keywords: Credit Cycles, Credit Crunch, Uncertainty, Self-insurance, real gdp, bank capital, gdp growth, bank capitalization, bank size, General

Recent studies show that uncertainty shocks have quantitatively important effects on the real economy. This paper examines one particular channel at work: the supply of credit. It presents a model in which a bank,...

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

Aging and social expenditure in major industrial countries: The fiscal implications of aging populations

Aging and social expenditure in major industrial countries: The fiscal implications of aging populations »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1986

Volume/Issue: 23/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1986

ISBN: 9781616353674

Keywords: debt, conditionality, adjustment lending, loans, debt forgiveness

This paper describes the World Bank's mission in a changing world. Conditionality of the Bank is different in several ways as it operates over a longer timeframe and relates to the more comfortable issues of econom...

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...