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The Taxation of High Income Earners

The Taxation of High Income Earners »

Volume/Issue: 1993/19

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964578.003

ISBN: 9781451964578

Keywords: tax rates, personal income tax, income tax, taxes, taxpayers

The 1980s trends were to lower marginal personal income tax rates, scale down rate structures, and apply the highest rate at lower levels of per capita GDP. In the 1990s, driven by fiscal deficits and unemployment,...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 3 »

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067240.024

ISBN: 9781589067240

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, monetary fund, foreign exchange, inflation

This special issue on exchange rates is drawn from the Eighth Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference held at the International Monetary Fund in Washington in November 2007. The Mundell-Fleming Lecture by Stanley...

Deposit Protection Arrangements
			: A Survey

Deposit Protection Arrangements : A Survey »

Volume/Issue: 1995/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Kyei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855548.001

ISBN: 9781451855548

Keywords: deposit insurance, deposit protection, banking, deposit guarantee, banking system

This paper is a survey of deposit protection arrangements and it compares the key elements of deposit protection schemes around the world. There are more implicit arrangements that guarantee deposits than explicit...

Does Economic Diversification Lead to Financial Development? Evidence From topography

Does Economic Diversification Lead to Financial Development? Evidence From topography »

Volume/Issue: 2006/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodney Ramcharan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862959.001

ISBN: 9781451862959

Keywords: Financial development, diversification, geography, land area, statistic, heteroscedasticity, standard deviation,

An influential theoretical literature has observed that economic diversification can reduce risk and increase financial development. But causality operates in both directions, as a well functioning financial system...

Exchange Rate Policy and Liability Dollarization
			: An Empirical Study

Exchange Rate Policy and Liability Dollarization : An Empirical Study »

Volume/Issue: 2007/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pelin Berkmen , and Eduardo Cavallo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865974.001

ISBN: 9781451865974

Keywords: exchange rate policy, exchange rate, foreign currency, inflation, nominal exchange rate

The paper identifies the contemporaneous relationship between exchange rate policy and liability dollarization using three different definitions of dollarization. The presence of endogeneity makes the empirical ide...

Identifying Threshold Effects in Credit Risk Stress Testing

Identifying Threshold Effects in Credit Risk Stress Testing »

Volume/Issue: 2004/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Armando Méndez Morales , and Jose Gasha

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856996.001

ISBN: 9781451856996

Keywords: business cycle, gdp growth, probability, normal distribution, growth rates,

Using data from Argentina, Australia, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, and the United States, we identify three types of threshold effects when assessing the impact of economic activity on nonperforming loans (NPLs). F...

Import-Reducing Effect of Trade Barriers
			: A Cross-Country Investigation

Import-Reducing Effect of Trade Barriers : A Cross-Country Investigation »

Volume/Issue: 2001/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Qing Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954692.001

ISBN: 9781451954692

Keywords: Trade-Barriers, Tariff, non-tariff trade barriers, trade barriers, trade protection, bilateral trade, trade flows, tariff rates, Econometric Modeling,

A comprehensive empirical investigation is carried out to ascertain the import-reducing effect of trade protection barriers. We first present a statistical summary of the status of global trade protection. Then, ba...

Monitoring Systemic Risk Basedon Dynamic Thresholds

Monitoring Systemic Risk Basedon Dynamic Thresholds »

Volume/Issue: 2012/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kasper Lund-Jensen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504576.001

ISBN: 9781475504576

Keywords: Systemic Risk, banking, systemic banking crisis, banking crises

Successful implementation of macroprudential policy is contingent on the ability to identify and estimate systemic risk in real time. In this paper, systemic risk is defined as the conditional probability of a syst...

Regulating Capital Flows at Both Ends
			: Does it Work?

Regulating Capital Flows at Both Ends : Does it Work? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Mahvash Qureshi , and Naotaka Sugawara

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498358743.001

ISBN: 9781498358743

Keywords: cross-boder bank flows, prudential measures, bond, capital inflow, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper examines whether cross-border capital flows can be regulated by imposing capital account restrictions (CARs) in both source and recipient countries, as was originally advocated by John Maynard Keynes and...

Spillovers to Central America in Light of the Crisis
			: What a Difference a Year Makes

Spillovers to Central America in Light of the Crisis : What a Difference a Year Makes »

Volume/Issue: 2010/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Swiston

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962765.001

ISBN: 9781451962765

Keywords: real gdp, gdp growth, business cycle, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General,

This paper investigates Central America's external linkages over the last fifteen years of increased integration in light of the 2008-09 global recession. Using structural VAR models, it is found that a one percent...