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Euro Area Policies
			: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2007/259

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813067.002

ISBN: 9781451813067

Keywords: financial services, securities, stock markets

This Selected Issues paper on Euro Area Policies reviews the integration of Europe's financial markets and the challenges faced by the new European Union member states with respect to euro adoption. Markets in the...

Latvia
			: Recent Economic Developments

Latvia : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1995/125

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451824391.002

ISBN: 9781451824391

Keywords: bank of latvia, banking, foreign exchange, banking system, banking crisis

This paper reviews economic developments in Latvia during 1993-94. During 1994, Latvia began to enjoy the fruits of its steadfast efforts to achieve macroeconomic stabilization and the transformation to a market ec...

Republic of Latvia
			: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Latvia : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 1999/77

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451824421.002

ISBN: 9781451824421

Keywords: banking, bank of latvia, banking system, banking supervision, fiscal deficit

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that macroeconomic developments in Latvia were severely affected by the Russian economic crisis. Real GDP declined by 1.9 percent in the fourth quarter of 1998, and furt...

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods

Aggregate Investment Expenditures on Tradable and Nontradable Goods »

Volume/Issue: 2008/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudolfs Bems

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869071.001

ISBN: 9781451869071

Keywords: tradable and nontradable goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, input-output, expenditure share,

This paper shows that aggregate investment expenditure shares on tradable and nontradable goods are very similar across countries and regions. Furthermore, the two expenditure shares have remained close to constant...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method »

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524277.001

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

Cooperative Banks and Financial Stability

Cooperative Banks and Financial Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2007/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , and Heiko Hesse

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865660.001

ISBN: 9781451865660

Keywords: financial sector stability, cooperative banks, savings banks, banking, cooperative bank, savings bank, Cooperative Enterprises,

Cooperative banks are an important, and growing, part of many financial systems. This paper empirically analyzes the role of cooperative banks in financial stability. Contrary to some suggestions in the literature,...

Corporate Income Tax Harmonization and Capital Allocation

Corporate Income Tax Harmonization and Capital Allocation »

Volume/Issue: 1990/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948035.001

ISBN: 9781451948035

Keywords: cost of capital, capital stock, effective tax rates, tax systems, inflation rate

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows
			: Evidence From the European Union

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows : Evidence From the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 1998/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852950.001

ISBN: 9781451852950

Keywords: Exchange Rate, Volatility, Bilateral Trade, EMU, exchange rate volatility, exchange rate uncertainty, international trade, trade flows

This paper analyzes the effects of exchange rate volatility on bilateral trade flows. Through use of a gravity model and panel data from western Europe, exchange rate uncertainty is found to have a negative effect...

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2012/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505139.001

ISBN: 9781475505139

Keywords: Structural Coherence, Structural Change, Factor Endowment, capital intensity, growth rate, tfp, capital stock, Consumption, Saving, Production

This paper studies the linkage between structural coherence and economic growth. Structural coherence is defined as the degree that a country's industrial structure optimally reflects its factor endowment fundament...

Fiscal Performance, Institutional Design and Decentralization in European Union Countries

Fiscal Performance, Institutional Design and Decentralization in European Union Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2012/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Anita Tuladhar , Julio Escolano , Marialuz Moreno Badia , and Juliane Sarnes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463936464.001

ISBN: 9781463936464

Keywords: fiscal institutions, decentralization, subnational governments, fiscal performance, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper analyzes the impact of decentralization on overall fiscal performance in the European Union, taking into account fiscal institutional arrangements. We find that spending decentralization has been associa...