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Fiscal Performance, Institutional Design and Decentralization in European Union Countries

Fiscal Performance, Institutional Design and Decentralization in European Union Countries »

Source: Fiscal Performance, Institutional Design and Decentralization in European Union Countries

Volume/Issue: 2012/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Anita Tuladhar , Julio Escolano , Marialuz Moreno Badia , and Juliane Sarnes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463936464

Keywords: fiscal institutions, decentralization, subnational governments, fiscal performance, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

This paper analyzes the impact of decentralization on overall fiscal performance in the European Union, taking into account fiscal institutional arrangements. We find that spending decentralization has been associa...

The Fundamental Determinants of Credit Default Risk for European Large Complex Financial Institutions

The Fundamental Determinants of Credit Default Risk for European Large Complex Financial Institutions »

Source: The Fundamental Determinants of Credit Default Risk for European Large Complex Financial Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2010/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiri Podpiera , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201365

Keywords: Large Complex Financial Institutions, dynamic panel data, CAMELS, vulnerability analysis, bond, autocorrelation, corporate bond, statistics, standard errors, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper attempts to identify the fundamental variables that drive the credit default swaps during the initial phase of distress in selected European Large Complex Financial Institutions (LCFIs). It uses yearly d...

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates

Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates »

Source: Global Equilibrium Exchange Rates : Euro, Dollar, 'Ins,' 'Outs,' and Other Major Currencies in a Panel Cointegration Framework

Volume/Issue: 1999/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Susana Garcia Cervero , J. Lopez , Enrique Alberola Ila , and Angel Ubide

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451858730

Keywords: Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Panel Cointegration, exchange rate, cointegration, exchange rates, real exchange rate, statistics

This paper presents a methodology for calculating bilateral equilibrium exchange rates for a panel of currencies in a way that guarantees global consistency. The methodology has three parts: a theoretical model tha...

Government Subsidies

Government Subsidies »

Source: Government Subsidies : Concepts, International Trends, and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1995/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gerd Schwartz , Réjane Hugounenq , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451851489

Keywords: subsidies, subsidy, cash subsidies, national accounts, subsidization, Fiscal Affairs Department,

This paper addresses the problems of defining and measuring government subsidies, examines why and how government subsidies are used as a fiscal policy tool, assesses their economic effects, appraises international...

Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective

Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective »

Source: Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective : A Model Applied to Donor Financing of NGO Proposals

Volume/Issue: 2003/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Boriana Yontcheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451857511

Keywords: hierarchies, strategic delegation, development aid, NGOs, dynamic games, principal-agent issues, ngo, paper, nongovernmental organizations, Game Theory and Bargaining Theory: General

This paper presents a dynamic game of strategic delegation between a principal and an agent. The principal can choose between two organizational designs: a traditional hierarchy where she retains authority over the...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Tax harmonization in the European Community : Policy Issues and Analysis

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1992

ISBN: 9781557752253

Keywords: taxation, tax rates, tax harmonization, tax systems, tax evasion

The Single European Act of 1987 represents perhaps the most significant step toward European economic integration since the creation of the EC three decades earlier. In accordance with and building upon the...

II Taxes on Commodities: A Survey

II Taxes on Commodities: A Survey »

Source: Tax harmonization in the European Community : Policy Issues and Analysis

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1992

ISBN: 9781557752253

Keywords: taxation, tax rates, tax harmonization, tax systems, tax evasion

This chapter investigates the main economic issues relating to harmonization and coordination of commodity taxation. A review of theoretical considerations is followed by a discussion of past trends and curr...

III Taxes on Capital Income: A Survey

III Taxes on Capital Income: A Survey »

Source: Tax harmonization in the European Community : Policy Issues and Analysis

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1992

ISBN: 9781557752253

Keywords: taxation, tax rates, tax harmonization, tax systems, tax evasion

This chapter surveys the international taxation of income from capital and the measures and proposals for its harmonization in the EC, with particular attention to the taxation of corporate income and of fin...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Latvia

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 1999/77

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451824421

Keywords: banking, bank of latvia, banking system, banking supervision, fiscal deficit

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that macroeconomic developments in Latvia were severely affected by the Russian economic crisis. Real GDP declined by 1.9 percent in the fourth quarter of 1998, and furt...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974034.003

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...