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Credit Constraints, Political Instability, and Capital Accumulation

Credit Constraints, Political Instability, and Capital Accumulation »

Source: Credit Constraints, Political Instability, and Capital Accumulation

Volume/Issue: 2013/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Risto Herrala , and Rima Turk Ariss

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484303085

Keywords: credit constraints, political unrest, MENA countries, equity capital, real interest rate, equity ratio, capital goods, General,

We investigate the complex interactions between credit constraints, political instability, and capital accumulation using a novel approach based on Kiyotaki and Moore's (1997) theoretical framework. Drawing on a un...

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337165.087

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC)
			: Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy. »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484383315.087

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Departmental papers are usually focused on a specific economic topic, country, or region. They are prepared in a timely way to support the outreach needs of the IMF's area and functional departments....

Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead.

Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead. »

Volume: 10

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): May Khamis , Abdelhak Senhadji , Gabriel Sensenbrenner , Francis Kumah , Maher Hasan , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069718.087

ISBN: 9781589069718

Keywords: banking, banking sector, capital adequacy, banking system, stock market

...

Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead
			: An Update

Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead : An Update »

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): May Khamis , and Abdelhak Senhadji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065109.087

ISBN: 9781589065109

Keywords: External financing, External debt, Economic indicators, Financial sector, Debt restructuring, Bank soundness, Banking sector, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Governance, Nonbank financial sector

Departmental papers are usually focused on a specific economic topic, country, or region. They are prepared in a timely way to support the outreach needs of the IMF's area and functional departments....

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336731.087

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Desynchronized

Desynchronized »

Source: Desynchronized : The Comovement of Non-Hydrocarbon Business Cycles in the GCC

Volume/Issue: 2011/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781463927202

Keywords: Business cycles, business cycle synchronization, band-pass filter, concordance, business cycle, correlation, correlations

This paper investigates the empirical characteristics of business cycles and the extent of cyclical comovement in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries, using various measures of synchronization for non-hydr...

Determinants of Inflation in GCC

Determinants of Inflation in GCC »

Source: Determinants of Inflation in GCC

Volume/Issue: 2009/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872293

Keywords: domestic policies, inflationary pressures, price inflation, money supply, monetary growth,

Inflationary pressures have heightened in the oil-rich Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) since 2003. This paper studies determinants of inflation in GCC, using an empirical model that includes domestic and external fa...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

Economic Impact of Selected Conflicts in the Middle East

Economic Impact of Selected Conflicts in the Middle East »

Source: Economic Impact of Selected Conflicts in the Middle East : What Can We Learn from the Past?

Volume/Issue: 2014/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Randa Sab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498310895

Keywords: Conflict, post-conflict economic recovery, current account, refugees, post-conflict, civil war, central bank, Asia including Middle East,

Using narrative-based country-case studies, war episodes in the Middle East were examined to assess their economic impact on conflict and neighboring economies. The paper found that conflicts led to a contraction i...