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Source: Fiscal Policy in the Smaller Industrial Countries, 1972-82

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1986

ISBN: 9780939934539

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal policy, government expenditure, total expenditure, expenditure growth

The openness of the Austrian economy, in which foreign trade amounts to approximately one fourth of GDP, makes it vulnerable to external disturbances; consequently, a major aim of fiscal policy has been to s...

Available on the web

Available on the web »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 19

Volume/Issue: 31/19

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451927344

Keywords: trading system, trade barriers, market access, world economy

Improving market access for developing countries is one of the most important steps that rich countries can take in fighting global poverty, according to the chief economists of the World Bank and the IMF. Both ins...

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies
			: A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies : A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anette Brunovskis

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324236

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Trafficking, European Countries, Reflection Period, Victim Protection, Traffickers, Nordic Countries

When victims of trafficking are identified in a country of destination, they are often in a situation marked by lack of clarity. In response to this, most European countries have a so-called reflection period for v...

Baltic and Icelandic Experiences of Capital Flows and Capital Flow Measures

Baltic and Icelandic Experiences of Capital Flows and Capital Flow Measures »

Source: Baltic and Icelandic Experiences of Capital Flows and Capital Flow Measures

Volume/Issue: 2013/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Audun Groenn , and Maria Wallin Fredholm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

ISBN: 9781475598179

Keywords: Capital Flow Measures, Baltic Countries, capital inflows, capital controls, capital flow, General, Globalization: General,

The aim of this empirical study is to describe and provide analysis on the experience of managing capital flows in Iceland and the Baltic countries. During the build-up of the crisis, there were shortcomings in mac...

Baltic Investment Programme
			:  - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries

Baltic Investment Programme : - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ib Katznelson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326414

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Baltic Investment Programme, European Union, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, National Investment Banks, Commercial Financial Sector, Economic Growth

The Baltic Investment Programme was first launched for the period 1992-1995. It was then extended for another period, 1995-1998. In 1998 it was decided to let the programme come to a gradual end in 2003, the year b...

Baltic Sea Region Co-operation on Sustainable Urban heritage Management
			: Activities of the working group Sustainable Historic Towns 2001-2002

Baltic Sea Region Co-operation on Sustainable Urban heritage Management : Activities of the working group Sustainable Historic Towns 2001-2002 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9789289309646

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Urban Heritage Management, Sustainable Historic Towns, Regional and Local Authorities, Management and Good Practices, Participation with National, Monitoring Group on Cultural Heritage

Urbanisation is considered to be one of the most important challenges of the 21st century, affecting also the authorities working with urban heritage conservation. Indicators for sustainable development for Urban H...

Baltic Sea Region Testing Ground Facility
			: Status after 10 year

Baltic Sea Region Testing Ground Facility : Status after 10 year »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jørgen Abildgaard , and Marianne Zandersen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9789289316002

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Technical and Political Work of Ministers, Nordic Council of Ministers, Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Joint Implementation Set-up, Nordic Countries

This report gives an overview of the technical and political work of the Nordic Council of Ministers since 1993 to create a Joint Implementation set-up that mitigates greenhouse gas emissions at least costs with mu...

BASREC Regional Handbook on Procedures for Joint Implementation in the Baltic Sea Region
			: Version 2 June 2006

BASREC Regional Handbook on Procedures for Joint Implementation in the Baltic Sea Region : Version 2 June 2006 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9789289316439

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Swan Ecolabelling Scheme, Public Administration, Nordic Swan in a Policy Context, Bodies Operating the Schemes, Operating Environment, Public Funding

This report presents the third evaluation of the Nordic Swan ecolabelling scheme. The evaluation is conducted from the perspective of the public administration, and it examines the role of the Nordic Swan in a poli...

BAT and Cleaner Technology in Environmental Permits
			: Part 3: Fish Processing Industry

BAT and Cleaner Technology in Environmental Permits : Part 3: Fish Processing Industry »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): PlanMiljø AS

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319850

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Easy-to-use Tools for Nordic Environmental Authorities, Production Technologies, Main Environmental Impacts, Analysis and Conclusions of the Project, Sector Surface Treatment of Metals, Analysis and Conclusions

The objective of the project has been to generate Easy-to-use tools for Nordic environmental authorities, providing them with guidance on what terms can be used when formulating BAT and CT conditions in the permit...

BAT and Cleaner technology in Environmental Permits
			: Part 2: Surface treatment of metals

BAT and Cleaner technology in Environmental Permits : Part 2: Surface treatment of metals »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): PlanMiljø AS

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2009

ISBN: 9789289319478

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Easy-to-use Tools for Nordic Environmental, Licensing Process, Production Technologies, Environmental Impacts, Relevant Permit Requirements, Fish Processing Industry

The objective of the project has been to generate Easy-to-use tools for Nordic environmental authorities, providing them with guidance on what terms can be used when formulating BAT and CT conditions in the permit...