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VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System

VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Subsidies and Transfers As described in Section II, the typical country undertaking a Fund-supported program subsidizes selected goods and services. These open-ended demands on gover...

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Fund-supported programs (86 programs) nearly always look for a reduction of the budget deficit as a percentage of GDP, which in turn is usually associated with limits on the raising of new external public de...

VIII. Lessons from the Review

VIII. Lessons from the Review »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

At the start, attention was drawn to the fact that Fund-supported programs involve changes in the relative prices in both goods and factor markets. These are bound to affect the distribution of income betwee...

Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934492.084

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries....

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries....

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries....

I Summary of Conclusions

I Summary of Conclusions »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries. For their adjustment efforts to be s...

II Principles and Traditional Practices of Export Credit Agencies

II Principles and Traditional Practices of Export Credit Agencies »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

Objectives of the Agencies In broad terms, the agencies share the economic objectives of export promotion and maintenance of financial balance (i.e., the self-supporting principle) o...

III Policies and Practices After Onset of Debt-Servicing Difficulties in 1982

III Policies and Practices After Onset of Debt-Servicing Difficulties in 1982 »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

Repercussions of Recent Debt Difficulties There was a consensus among the agencies that the recent debt-servicing difficulties have seriously affected the agencies’ financial operati...