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Designing Labor Market Institutions in Emerging and Developing Economies

Designing Labor Market Institutions in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Source: Designing Labor Market Institutions in Emerging and Developing Economies : Evidence and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2019/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Romain Duval , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498313261

Keywords: Labor market institutions, Labor markets, Labor market policy, Market economies, Labor taxes, Employment Protection, Unemployment Benefits, Social Assistance, Cash Transfers, Minimum Wage

Designing Labor Market Institutions in Emerging and Developing Economies: Evidence and IMF Advice....

Distribución directa de los ingresos provenientes de recursos naturales

Distribución directa de los ingresos provenientes de recursos naturales »

Source: Distribución directa de los ingresos provenientes de recursos naturales : ¿vale la pena considerarla?

Volume/Issue: 2014/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Alex Segura-Ubiergo , and Enrique Flores

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513592626

Keywords: Recursos naturales, Ingreso, Distribución del ingreso, Política fiscal

Algunos académicos han sostenido que la distribución directa a la población de ingresos públicos provenientes de recursos naturales ayudaría a los países ricos en recursos naturales a escapar de la 'maldición de l...

Economic Diversification in LICs

Economic Diversification in LICs »

Source: Economic Diversification in LICs : Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

Volume/Issue: 2012/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2012

ISBN: 9781475532180

Keywords: Trade and real-sector diversification, quality upgrading, volatility, growth, LICs, export diversification, external shocks, external trade, total exports, trading partners

Limited diversification is an underlying characteristic of many low-income countries (LICs). Concentration in sectors with limited scope for increases in productivity and quality may result in less broad-based and...

Economic Diversification in the GCC

Economic Diversification in the GCC »

Source: Economic Diversification in the GCC : Past, Present, and Future

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tim Callen , Reda Cherif , Fuad Hasanov , Amgad Hegazy , and Padamja Khandelwal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2014

ISBN: 9781498303231

Keywords: Export diversification, Exports, Bahrain, Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf, Cross country analysis, Economic growth, Oil revenues, Oman, Private sector, Saudi Arabia

Abstract: The economies of the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are heavily reliant on oil. Greater economic diversification would reduce their exposure to volatility and uncertainty in the global oil m...

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion

Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion »

Source: Economic Gains From Gender Inclusion : New Mechanisms, New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Jorge Alvarez , Raphael Espinoza , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484337127

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender, Diversity, Gender Diversity; Female Labor Force Participation; Production Function; Structural Transformation

While progress has been made in increasing female labor force participation (FLFP) in the last 20 years, large gaps remain. The latest Fund research shows that improving gender diversity can result in larger econom...

The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa

The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa »

Source: The Economic Impact of Conflicts and the Refugee Crisis in the Middle East and North Africa

Volume/Issue: 2016/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Bjoern Rother , Gaelle Pierre , Davide Lombardo , Risto Herrala , Priscilla Toffano , Erik Roos , Allan Auclair , and Karina Manasseh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475535785

Keywords: Migrations, Middle East, North Africa, Regional shocks, Spillovers, Development financing, Economic policy, Development assistance, Middle East and North Africa, conflicts

In recent decades, the Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) has experienced more frequent and severe conflicts than in any other region of the world, exacting a devastating human toll. The region now faces un...

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows

The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows »

Source: The Effectiveness of Capital Controls and Prudential Policies in Managing Large Inflows

Volume/Issue: 2011/14

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , Annamaria Kokenyne , and Chikako Baba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2011

ISBN: 9781463902896

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate appreciation, Cross country analysis, Credit expansion, Capital controls, Capital inflows, Risk management, Macroprudential Policy, financial regulation, macroprudential policies

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Emerging Market Volatility

Emerging Market Volatility »

Source: Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

Emerging Markets in Transition

Emerging Markets in Transition »

Source: Emerging Markets in Transition : Growth Prospects and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2014/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu , Alexander Culiuc , Ghada Fayad , Yuan Gao , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , Ceyda Oner , Roberto Perrelli , Sarah Sanya , Evridiki Tsounta , and Zhongxia Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2014

ISBN: 9781498327664

Keywords: Emerging markets, growth, potential growth, convergence, heterogeneity, structural reform, productivity, terms of trade, trading partners, commodity prices

After a short-lived slowdown in the immediate aftermath of the global financial crisis and a swift rebound, emerging markets (EM) are now entering a period of slower growth. In fact, growth is now lower than the po...

Emigration and Its Economic Impact on Eastern Europe

Emigration and Its Economic Impact on Eastern Europe »

Source: Emigration and Its Economic Impact on Eastern Europe

Volume/Issue: 2016/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ruben Atoyan , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Allan Dizioli , Christian Ebeke , Nadeem Ilahi , Anna Ilyina , Gil Mehrez , Haonan Qu , Faezeh Raei , Alaina Rhee , and Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475576368

Keywords: Emigration and immigration, Central and Eastern Europe, Private sector, Global competitiveness, Skilled labor, Remittances, Income, Economic growth, Gross domestic product, Emigration

This paper analyses the impact of large and persistent emigration from Eastern European countries over the past 25 years on these countries' growth and income convergence to advanced Europe. While emigration has li...