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Russian Federation
			: Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation

Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2006 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2006/429

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975246.002

ISBN: 9781451975246

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, deficit

Propelled by large terms-of-trade gains, GDP growth has accelerated and is running close to potential. The demand pressures associated with the large terms-of-trade gains are reflected in a fast real appreciation o...

IMF Survey
			: Volume 34, Issue 17

IMF Survey : Volume 34, Issue 17 »

Volume/Issue: 34/17

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451938883.023

ISBN: 9781451938883

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, economic outlook

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Financial Cycles
			: What? How? When?

Financial Cycles : What? How? When? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Terrones , Ayhan Kose , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455227037.001

ISBN: 9781455227037

Keywords: credit cycles, asset busts, crunches, house prices, financial cycles, financial crises, financial markets, equity markets, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of financial cycles using a large database covering 21 advanced countries over the period 1960:1-2007:4. Specifically, we analyze cycles in credit, house prices, and equ...

How Risky Are Banks' Risk Weighted Assets? Evidence From the Financial Crisis

How Risky Are Banks' Risk Weighted Assets? Evidence From the Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2012/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das , and Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933791.001

ISBN: 9781463933791

Keywords: crisis, regulation, risk weighted assets, Basel III, banking, return on assets, dummy variables, standard errors, independent variables, Financial Institutions and Services: General

We study how investors account for the riskiness of banks' risk-weighted assets (RWA) by examining the determinants of stock returns and market measures of risk. We find that banks with higher RWA had lower stock r...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing »

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934861.001

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

Macroeconomic Patterns and Monetary Policy in the Run-up to Asset Price Busts

Macroeconomic Patterns and Monetary Policy in the Run-up to Asset Price Busts »

Volume/Issue: 2009/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alasdair Scott , Pau Rabanal , and Prakash Kannan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873993.001

ISBN: 9781451873993

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, monetary conditions, central bank

We find that inflation, output and the stance of monetary policy do not typically display unusual behavior ahead of asset price busts. By contrast, credit, shares of investment in GDP, current account deficits, and...

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS

Supervisory Roles in Loan Loss Provisioning in Countries Implementing IFRS »

Volume/Issue: 2014/170

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ellen Gaston , and In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513590479.001

ISBN: 9781513590479

Keywords: Supervisory role, loan loss provisioning, IFRS implementation, banking, capital adequacy, banking supervision, bank for international settlements, bank supervisors, General, Government Policy and Regulation

Countries implementing International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) for loan loss provisioning by banks have been guided by two different approaches: International Accounting Standards (IAS) 39 and Basel stan...

The Volatility of Consumption in a Simple General Equilibrium Model

The Volatility of Consumption in a Simple General Equilibrium Model »

Volume/Issue: 1992/109

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gunnar Tersman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451946130.001

ISBN: 9781451946130

Keywords: optimization, time series, autocorrelation, correlation, consumption relative

This paper studies the volatility of consumption relative to output in the context of a simple general equilibrium model of a small open economy subject to exogenous shocks in productivity. With infinite horizons a...

Shadow Economies Around the World
			: Size, Causes, and Consequences

Shadow Economies Around the World : Size, Causes, and Consequences »

Volume/Issue: 2000/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Friedrich Schneider , and Dominik Enste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844375.001

ISBN: 9781451844375

Keywords: tax evasion, tax system, tax rates, tax burden

This paper presents estimates of the size of the shadow economy in 76 developing, transition, and OECD countries, which are derived by combining figures from different estimation methods. We describe and discuss th...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1 »

Source: Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...