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Capital Flows and the Twin Crises

Capital Flows and the Twin Crises »

Source: Capital Flows and the Twin Crises : The Role of Liquidity

Volume/Issue: 1997/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ilan Goldfajn , and Rodrigo Valdes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451850987

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, capital outflows, capital flows, capital outflow

This paper develops a model that focuses on the interaction of liquidity creation by financial intermediaries with capital flows and exchange rate collapses. The intermediaries’ role of transforming maturiti...

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America »

Source: Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America : The Role of External Factors

Volume/Issue: 1992/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leonardo Leiderman , Carmen Reinhart , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451964455

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, capital outflows

The characteristics of recent capital inflows into Latin America are discussed. It is argued that these inflows are partly explained by conditions outside the region, like recession in the United States and lower i...

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms*

Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms* »

Source: Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms

Volume/Issue: 2012/41

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Magud , Esteban Vesperoni , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463936426

Keywords: foreign currency loans, financial regulation, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Capital Inflows, Exchange Rate Flexibility, and Credit Booms, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems,

The prospects of expansionary monetary policies in the advanced countries for the foreseeable future have renewed the debate over policy options to cope with large capital inflows that are, at least partly, driven...

Capital Inflows to Latin America

Capital Inflows to Latin America »

Source: Capital Inflows to Latin America : The 1970's and the 1990's

Volume/Issue: 1992/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Guillermo Calvo , and Leonardo Leiderman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1992

ISBN: 9781451954265

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate appreciation

During the past two years Latin America has received sizable international capital inflows. This paper compares the recent experience with that of the late 1970s. The analysis examines differences and similarities...

Capitalizing Central Banks

Capitalizing Central Banks »

Source: Capitalizing Central Banks : A Net Worth Approach

Volume/Issue: 2005/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

ISBN: 9781451860344

Keywords: net worth, central bank, inflation, monetary fund, market debt,

This paper provides a simple, quantitative, net worth-based, approach to assessing the need for central bank capital. It derives a concept of "core capital" (a function of the central bank's operating expenditures...

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets »

Source: Causes of Asset Shortages in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2011/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455262373

Keywords: Asset Shortage, Emerging Market, Capital Market, Regulation, financial assets, interest rates, capital markets, capital account, pension funds, Money and Interest Rates: General

We first illustrate that emerging markets (EMs) face a shortage of financial assets, with financial assets not growing as rapidly as domestic savings. We then estimate the asset shortage in EMs for 1995-2008. We de...

Central Bank Balances and Reserve Requirements

Central Bank Balances and Reserve Requirements »

Source: Central Bank Balances and Reserve Requirements

Volume/Issue: 2011/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217908

Keywords: central bank, monetary control, remuneration of reserves, central banks, domestic currency, liquidity management,

Most central banks oblige depository institutions to hold minimum reserves against their liabilities, predominantly in the form of balances at the central bank. The role of these reserve requirements has evolved si...

Central Bank Communication and Monetary Policy Surprises in Chile

Central Bank Communication and Monetary Policy Surprises in Chile »

Source: Central Bank Communication and Monetary Policy Surprises in Chile

Volume/Issue: 2018/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Pescatori

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484363102

Keywords: Financial crises, Foreign banks, Monetary policy; monetary policy shocks; proxy VAR; central bank communication; central bank predictability; inflation forecast dispersion, Chile, Monetary policy, monetary policy shocks, proxy VAR, central bank communication, central bank predictability, inflation forecast dispersion

This paper assesses the quality of the CBC's communication policy by looking at the predictability and effectiveness of monetary policy communications by the Central Bank of Chile (CBC). To do so, we construct inde...

Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility

Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility »

Source: Central Bank Financial Strength, Transparency, and Policy Credibility

Volume/Issue: 2002/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451855920

Keywords: Central bank losses, credibility, central bank, inflation, monetary fund, monetary policy

A central bank is financially strong if it possesses resources sufficient to attain its fundamental policy objective(s). Once endowed with those resources, relations between government and central bank should be de...

Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries

Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries »

Source: Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries

Volume/Issue: 2005/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Claudia Dziobek , and John Dalton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860917

Keywords: central bank balance sheet, central bank losses, central bank, monetary fund, national bank, government securities, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Under normal circumstances, a central bank should be able to operate at a profit with a core level of earnings derived from seigniorage. Losses have, however, arisen in several central banks from a range of activit...