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A Capital Market Union for Europe

A Capital Market Union for Europe »

Source: A Capital Market Union For Europe

Volume/Issue: 2019/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ashok Bhatia , Srobona Mitra , Anke Weber , Shekhar Aiyar , Luiza Antoun de Almeida , Cristina Cuervo , Andre Santos , and Tryggvi Gudmundsson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 2019

ISBN: 9781498313278

Keywords: Capital markets, Monetary unions, Financial integration, Bilateral payments arrangements, Capital flows, Europe, Financial crises, Economic integration, Economic conditions, Macroprudential policies and financial stability

This note weighs the merits of a capital market union (CMU) for Europe, identifies major obstacles in its path, and recommends a set of carefully targeted policy actions. European capital markets are relatively sm...

Casting Light on Central Bank Digital Currencies1

Casting Light on Central Bank Digital Currencies1 »

Source: Casting Light on Central Bank Digital Currencies

Volume/Issue: 2018/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Tommaso Mancini Griffoli , Maria Martinez Peria , Itai Agur , Anil Ari , John Kiff , Adina Popescu , and Celine Rochon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484384572

Keywords: Money, Central banking, Currencies, Monetary policy, Central banks, Bank rates, Bank liquidity, Lender of last resort, Bank accounting, Central Bank Digital Currencies

Digitalization is reshaping economic activity, shrinking the role of cash, and spurring new digital forms of money. Central banks have been pondering wheter and how to adapt. One possibility is central bank digital...

Catalyst for Change

Catalyst for Change »

Source: Catalyst for Change : Empowering Women and Tackling Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2015/20

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , Monique Newiak , and Tlek Zeinullayev

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513533384

Keywords: Income inequality, Women, Income distribution, Gender, Labor force participation, female labor force participation, gender equity, inequality, gender inequality, labor force

This study shows empirically that gender inequality and income inequality are strongly interlinked, even after controlling for standard drivers of income inequality. The study analyzes gender inequality by using an...

Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality

Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality »

Source: Causes and Consequences of Income Inequality : A Global Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2015/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Kalpana Kochhar , Nujin Suphaphiphat , Frantisek Ricka , and Evridiki Tsounta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513555188

Keywords: Cross-country analysis, Inequality, Gini coefficient, income, income inequality, middle class, income share, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

This paper analyzes the extent of income inequality from a global perspective, its drivers, and what to do about it. The drivers of inequality vary widely amongst countries, with some common drivers being the skill...

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area »

Source: A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Nathaniel Arnold , Bergljot Barkbu , H. Elif Ture , Hou Wang , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484348178

Keywords: Euro Area, Fiscal policy, Euro Area; Fiscal Integration; Macroeconomic Stabilization; Central fiscal capacity; Fiscal policy; Macroeconomic policy mix; Fiscal union;, Fiscal Integration, Macroeconomic Stabilization

This note outlines a concrete proposal for a euro area central fiscal capacity (CFC) that could help smooth both country-specific and common shocks. Specifically, it proposes a macroeconomic stabilization fund fina...

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area Technical Appendix

A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area Technical Appendix »

Source: A Central Fiscal Stabilization Capacity for the Euro Area

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Nathaniel Arnold , Bergljot Barkbu , H. Elif Ture , Hou Wang , and Jiaxiong Yao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484348178

Keywords: Euro Area, Fiscal policy, Euro Area; Fiscal Integration; Macroeconomic Stabilization; Central fiscal capacity; Fiscal policy; Macroeconomic policy mix; Fiscal union;, Fiscal Integration, Macroeconomic Stabilization

This note outlines a concrete proposal for a euro area central fiscal capacity (CFC) that could help smooth both country-specific and common shocks. Specifically, it proposes a macroeconomic stabilization fund fina...

Contingent Capital

Contingent Capital »

Source: Contingent Capital : Economic Rationale and Design Features

Volume/Issue: 2011/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Jianping Zhou , Vanessa Le Leslé , and Michael Moore

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462304141

Keywords: Contingent capital, Bonds, Banks, Financial institutions, Financial instruments, Financial reform, Moral hazard, Risk management, Financial regulation, Too Big to Fail

The causes of the global financial crisis were multi-faceted but revealed still unresolved weaknesses in national and international financial oversight and resolution frameworks. In particular, many governments in...

Corruption

Corruption »

Source: Corruption : Costs and Mitigating Strategies

Volume/Issue: 2016/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2016

ISBN: 9781513594330

Keywords: Corruption, Governance, Tax revenues, Inclusive growth, Government expenditures, Public investments, Private investments, Human capital, Fund role, Corruption

In an environment in which growth and employment prospects in many countries remain subdued and a number of high-profile corruption cases have fueled moral outrage, and amid a growing consensus that corruption can...

Creating a Safer Financial System

Creating a Safer Financial System »

Source: Creating a Safer Financial System : Will the Volcker, Vickers, and Liikanen Structural Measures Help?

Volume/Issue: 2013/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): José Vinãls , Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Jay Surti , Aditya Narain , Michaela Erbenova , and Julian Chow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484340943

Keywords: Capital, Bank supervision, Banking sector, Bank reforms, Bank resolution, International financial system, Risk management, Bank business models, least cost resolution, risk reduction

The U.S., the U.K., and more recently, the E.U., have proposed policy measures directly targeting complexity and business structures of banks. Unlike other, price-based reforms (e.g., Basel 3 and G-SIFI surcharges)...

Crisis Management and Resolution

Crisis Management and Resolution »

Source: Crisis Management and Resolution : Early Lessons from the Financial Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2011/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Luc Laeven , Oana Nedelescu , Stijn Claessens , Fabian Valencia , Marc Dobler , and Katharine Seal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455286546

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial stability, Crisis management, Asset restructuring, Burden sharing, Moral hazard, Stress tests, resolution, too big to fail, financial institutions

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...