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Counterparty Risk, Impacton Collateral Flows and Role for Central Counterparties

Counterparty Risk, Impacton Collateral Flows and Role for Central Counterparties »

Source: Counterparty Risk, Impacton Collateral Flows and Role for Central Counterparties

Volume/Issue: 2009/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Aitken , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873207

Keywords: Counterparty Risk, Large Complex Financial Institutions, OTC derivatives, Collateral Flow, Central Counterparties, collateral, derivative, derivatives market, hedge, financial system,

Counterparty risk in the United States stemming from exposures to OTC derivatives payables (after netting) is now concentrated in five banks?Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan, Bank of America, Morgan Stanley and Citi. This n...

Deleveraging After Lehman

Deleveraging After Lehman »

Source: Deleveraging After Lehman : Evidence From Reduced Rehypothecation

Volume/Issue: 2009/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Aitken , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871906

Keywords: Rehypothecation, Lehman&;amp;#x2019;s bankruptcy, Counterparty risk, collateral, hedge, financial system, hedge fund, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Corporation and Securities Law

Rehypothecation is the practice that allows collateral posted by, say, a hedge fund to their prime broker to be used again as collateral by that prime broker for its own funding. In the United Kingdom, such use of...

Economic Consequences of Lower Military Spending

Economic Consequences of Lower Military Spending »

Source: Economic Consequences of Lower Military Spending : Some Simulation Results

Volume/Issue: 1993/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jerald Schiff , Tamim Bayoumi , and Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843460

Keywords: military, military expenditures, military spending, expenditures, arms

The IMF MULTIMOD model is used to trace the economic impact of a 20 percent reduction in world military expenditures. GDP falls in the short run, however private consumption and investment rise, leading to an incre...

5 Economic Performance Over the Conflict Cycle

5 Economic Performance Over the Conflict Cycle »

Source: Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Series: Books

Author(s): Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062528

Keywords: civil war, civil wars, military, political instability, real gdp

Section I. Introduction Poverty and armed conflict are closely connected, so the poorest countries face the prospect of being caught in a “conflict trap” of poverty and recurring con...

Emerging Markets Crisis

Emerging Markets Crisis »

Source: Emerging Markets Crisis : An Asset Markets Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1999/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Krishnamurthy , and Ricardo Caballero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451855098

Keywords: Capital flows, fire sales, financial constraints, contractual and corporate governance problems, balance sheets, wasted collateral, domestic and foreign spreads, excessive leverage, collateral underprovision, real depreciation

The entire difference between a mild downturn and a devastating crisis is the occurrence of sharp fire sales of domestic assets and possibly foreign exchange and the ensuing collapse in the balance sheets of both t...

8 Empirical Evidence of the Sources of Hyperinflation and Falling Currency

8 Empirical Evidence of the Sources of Hyperinflation and Falling Currency »

Source: Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Series: Books

Author(s): Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062528

Keywords: civil war, civil wars, military, political instability, real gdp

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) experienced hyperinflation throughout the 1990s. For instance, from October 1990 to December 1995, the cumulative increase in prices was 6.3 billion percent, while...

7 Experience with Budgetary Convergence in the WAEMU

7 Experience with Budgetary Convergence in the WAEMU »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

The viability of any economic integration plan depends upon its ability to ensure that the economic and financial policies defined by individual member countries of the union are co...

5 External Debt, Public Investment, and Growth in Low-Income Countries

5 External Debt, Public Investment, and Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

The relationship between external debt and growth continues to attract considerable interest from policymakers and academics alike. A large number of heavily indebted poor countries...

Fire Sales and the Financial Accelerator

Fire Sales and the Financial Accelerator »

Source: Fire Sales and the Financial Accelerator

Volume/Issue: 2010/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Woon Choi , and David Cook

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201242

Keywords: fire sales, financial accelerator, endogenous recovery rate, financial shock, liquidity spiral, collateral, inflation, monetary policy, inflation targeting, real interest rates

During periods of financial turmoil, increases in risk lead to higher default, foreclosure, and fire sales. This paper introduces a costly liquidation process for foreclosed collateral and endogenous recovery rates...

18 Fiscal Consequences of Armed Conflict and Terrorism in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

18 Fiscal Consequences of Armed Conflict and Terrorism in Low- and Middle-Income Countries »

Source: Helping Countries Develop : The Role of Fiscal Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Sanjeev Gupta , and Gabriela Inchauste

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2004

ISBN: 9781589063181

Keywords: food aid, expenditure, fiscal policy, public spending, per

1. Introduction Contrary to expectations, the end of the Cold War has not been a harbinger of peace. There has been a proliferation of armed conflicts around the world over the past...