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Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 6. Economic Policy Spillovers: Saudi Arabia in the Global Economy1

Chapter 6. Economic Policy Spillovers: Saudi Arabia in the Global Economy1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Spillovers from Saudi fiscal decisions and a slowdown in emerging Asia are simulated using an augmented three-region version of the IMF’s Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF). Saud...

Chapter 3. Fiscal Policy Issues in GCC Countries1

Chapter 3. Fiscal Policy Issues in GCC Countries1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Fiscal policy plays a key role in the GCC in converting revenues from exploitation of the region’s natural resource wealth into expenditure decisions that shape social and economic outcomes for...

Chapter 7. GCC Corporate Vulnerabilities1 Impact of the Global Financial Crisis and Post-Crisis Performance

Chapter 7. GCC Corporate Vulnerabilities1 Impact of the Global Financial Crisis and Post-Crisis Performance »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

GCC stock markets fell sharply in 2008/09 as spillovers from the global financial crisis—lower oil prices and falling real estate markets—affected the region. While stock markets have yet to rec...

Chapter 2. GDP and Welfare in the GCC1

Chapter 2. GDP and Welfare in the GCC1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

In the oil-dependent economies of the GCC, both GDP—the standard measure of the size of an economy—and non-oil GDP are shown to provide only limited information on movements in economic well-bei...

Chapter 1. Growth Strategies1

Chapter 1. Growth Strategies1 »

Source: Gulf Cooperation Council Countries (GCC) : Enhancing Economic Outcomes in an Uncertain Global Economy.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Samya Beidas-Strom , Tobias Rasmussen , and David Robinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2011

ISBN: 9781484383315

Keywords: fiscal policy, interest, consumption, gdp, debt

Each GCC country has articulated a development strategy based on economic diversification and the creation of employment for nationals. As measured by real GDP, all GCC countries have over the p...

Chapter I Impact of the Global Crisis and Policy Response

Chapter I Impact of the Global Crisis and Policy Response »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead : An Update

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): May Khamis , and Abdelhak Senhadji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589065109

Keywords: External financing, External debt, Economic indicators, Financial sector, Debt restructuring, Bank soundness, Banking sector, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Governance, Nonbank financial sector

The GCC countries performed well during the 2003–08 oil boom, but the boom also presented challenges. Buoyant economic activity, rising consumer and investor confidence, and abundant liquidity spurred excess...

Chapter I The Run-up to the Crisis: The Boom Years

Chapter I The Run-up to the Crisis: The Boom Years »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): May Khamis , Abdelhak Senhadji , Gabriel Sensenbrenner , Francis Kumah , Maher Hasan , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069718

Keywords: banking, banking sector, capital adequacy, banking system, stock market

Buoyant Economic Activity, Diversification, and Stronger Fiscal and External Balances The 2003—08 oil price boom spurred economic activity in the region and strengthened balance shee...

Chapter II Recent Developments and Outlook

Chapter II Recent Developments and Outlook »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead : An Update

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): May Khamis , and Abdelhak Senhadji

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2010

ISBN: 9781589065109

Keywords: External financing, External debt, Economic indicators, Financial sector, Debt restructuring, Bank soundness, Banking sector, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Governance, Nonbank financial sector

After a strong recovery in equity markets in 2009, GCC markets were broadly flat during the first half of 2010, mirroring global developments. The trend in GCC equity prices tracks global equity market devel...

Chapter II The Impact of the Global Crisis and Policy Responses9

Chapter II The Impact of the Global Crisis and Policy Responses9 »

Source: Impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries and Challenges Ahead.

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): May Khamis , Abdelhak Senhadji , Gabriel Sensenbrenner , Francis Kumah , Maher Hasan , and Ananthakrishnan Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2010

ISBN: 9781589069718

Keywords: banking, banking sector, capital adequacy, banking system, stock market

Impact of the Crisis Declining oil prices and global liquidity shortages The GCC countries have been hit by the decline in oil prices and production, a...