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7 Australia

7 Australia »

Source: Payment Systems, Monetary Policy and the Role of the Central Bank

Series: Books

Author(s): Omotunde Johnson , Jean-Marc Destresse , Nicholas Roberts , Mark Swinburne , Tonny Lybek , and Richard Abrams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557756268

Keywords: payments, credit, payment system, payment systems, banking

In this and the following six chapters, similarly structured notes on recent experience in payment system reform are presented for seven countries: Australia, 53...

17 Bolivia

17 Bolivia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

As previous chapters have related, the major objective of recent reforms of intergovernmental financial relations in countries around the world has been the decentralization of government operations from the...

18 Brazil

18 Brazil »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The history of intergovernmental fiscal relations in Brazil has been characterized by alternating phases of decentralization and recentralization. The period of the dictatorship, from the mid-1960s to the mi...

14 Budgetary Accounting in China

14 Budgetary Accounting in China »

Source: Government Financial Management : Issues and Country Studies

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1990

ISBN: 9781557751492

Keywords: expenditure, financial management, expenditures, courts, court

Accounting for the public sector in the People’s Republic of China is termed budgetary accounting. It is designed to record, report, and supervise the implementation...

6 Budgetary and Financial Management

6 Budgetary and Financial Management »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Whether in a federation or in a unitary state, lower-tier governments play an important role in delivering public policies and services. Their provision of services has an economic impact on overall activity...

25 Bulgaria

25 Bulgaria »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Bulgaria’s prereform economy, roughly before 1991, was a highly centralized state, similar to most countries of the former Soviet Union. With the radical liberalization and stabilization program adopted in F...

9 Canada

9 Canada »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Sparsely populated and stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific Oceans, Canada is a federal nation composed of heterogeneous provinces. The British North American Act of 1867 established the federal natio...

8 Cash Management

8 Cash Management »

Source: Government Financial Management : Issues and Country Studies

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1990

ISBN: 9781557751492

Keywords: expenditure, financial management, expenditures, courts, court

Cash management by a treasury conjures up images of high-powered officials wheeling and dealing in money and securities markets using the most sophisticated electron...

26 China

26 China »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Since 1994, China has undertaken major reforms of its public finances, driven largely by the desire to establish a level playing field to facilitate its entry into the global economy. The authorities have al...

4. Collection Methods

4. Collection Methods »

Source: Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey Guide (second edition)

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2002

ISBN: 9781589060937

Keywords: survey, portfolio investment, bonds, bond, equity securities

I. Data Considerations 4.1 Although it is essential that CPIS data are comparable across countries—for the data exchange as much as for international comparability—it...