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Corruption Around the World
			: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848397.001

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

Fiscal Policy Implications for Labor Market Outcomes in Middle-Income Countries

Fiscal Policy Implications for Labor Market Outcomes in Middle-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ara Stepanyan , and Lamin Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326800.001

ISBN: 9781484326800

Keywords: public and private employment, unemployment rate, wage premium, labor market, employment, labor, Labor Economics Policies,

Many governments have initiated public employment programs or expanded the existing ones in response to high unemployment. However, in many middle-income countries, a relatively large government coexists with persi...

Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment Dynamics in Transition Economies

Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment Dynamics in Transition Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1997/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pietro Garibaldi , and Zuzana Brixiova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930566.001

ISBN: 9781451930566

Keywords: Unemployment, Transition Economies, Matching Models, wage, minimum wage, wages, benefits

This paper studies interactions between labor market institutions and unemployment dynamics in transition economies. It presents a dynamic matching model in which state sector firms endogenously shed labor and priv...

9 Jordan: Restructuring Public Expenditures and Protecting the Poor

9 Jordan: Restructuring Public Expenditures and Protecting the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

Jordan suffered from unsustainable macroeconomic imbalances, particularly with respect to the fiscal and trade deficits, during the mid-1980s. Necessary adjustments have been constrained by the need to prote...

Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment Dynamics in Transition Economies

Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment Dynamics in Transition Economies »

Source: Labor Market Institutions and Unemployment Dynamics in Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 1997/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pietro Garibaldi , and Zuzana Brixiova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451930566

Keywords: Unemployment, Transition Economies, Matching Models, wage, minimum wage, wages, benefits

This paper studies interactions between labor market institutions and unemployment dynamics in transition economies. It presents a dynamic matching model in which state sector firms endogenously shed labor and priv...

11 Mozambique: Economic Rehabilitation and the Poor

11 Mozambique: Economic Rehabilitation and the Poor »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

By any income standard or measure of living conditions, Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. Despite its rich natural resources, inadequate production planning and acute social conflicts...

12 Poland: The Social Impact of Transition

12 Poland: The Social Impact of Transition »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

Poland was one of the first economies to undertake the transition from plan to market. This chapter looks at the safety net that existed at the outset, describes how it was reformed during the transition, an...

14 Reforming Ukraine’s Social Safety Nets: Short-Term and Medium-Term Options

14 Reforming Ukraine’s Social Safety Nets: Short-Term and Medium-Term Options »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

Ukraine has experienced severe economic dislocations since its independence in 1991, following the breakup of the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union. High inflation and large dec...

1 Social Dimensions of the IMF’s Policy Dialogue

1 Social Dimensions of the IMF’s Policy Dialogue »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

IMF Involvement in Social Issues The IMF’s involvement in social issues has to be seen in the context of its mandate. The mandate, as laid down in its Articles of Agreement, is clear...

13 Social Protection During Russia’s Economic Transformation

13 Social Protection During Russia’s Economic Transformation »

Source: Social Safety Nets : Issues and Recent Experience

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557756800

Keywords: benefits, wage, unemployment, social protection, wages

The transition to a market economy in Russia has reduced most people’s real incomes, especially the incomes of the poor. The sharp decline in output and the manifold increases in prices have taken their heav...