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Reference Note on Trade Policy, Preferential Trade Agreements, and WTO Consistency

Reference Note on Trade Policy, Preferential Trade Agreements, and WTO Consistency »

Volume/Issue: 2010/003

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498336772.007

ISBN: 9781498336772

Keywords: Collaboration with other international organizations, Fund role, International trade agreements, Surveillance, Trade policy, Trade preferences, World Trade Organization, Economic stabilization, Export restraints, Balance of trade

This Reference Note introduces guidance on preferential trade agreements (PTAs). In so doing, it responds to the request by the Executive Board in the context of the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) Evaluation o...

Review of the Role of Trade in the Work of the Fund

Review of the Role of Trade in the Work of the Fund »

Volume/Issue: 2015/011

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498344876.007

ISBN: 9781498344876

Keywords: Bilateral surveillance, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Fund role, International trade, Low-income developing countries, Multilateral surveillance, Trade integration, Trade liberalization, Trade policy

This review follows the Board-endorsed recommendation by the IEO in 2009 to have an assessment of the Fund's work on trade every five years. In addition to reviewing past work, this paper discusses key issues going...

The Balance of Payments Impact of the Food and Fuel Price Shocks on Low-Income African Countries
			:  A Country-by-Country Assessment

The Balance of Payments Impact of the Food and Fuel Price Shocks on Low-Income African Countries : A Country-by-Country Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2008/036

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334457.007

ISBN: 9781498334457

Keywords: Africa, Balance of payments, External shocks, Financial crisis, Food imports, Oil prices, Terms of trade, Economic growth, Economic recovery, Commodity prices

This note discusses the implications of the price shocks for the balance of payments of low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The response by bilateral donors and multilateral institutions will, in practice,...

Central African Economic and Monetary Community
			: Staff Report on Common Policies of Member Countries; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Central African Economic and Monetary Community

Central African Economic and Monetary Community : Staff Report on Common Policies of Member Countries; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Central African Economic and Monetary Community »

Volume/Issue: 2011/329

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463925307.002

ISBN: 9781463925307

Keywords: exchange rate, real effective exchange rate, exporters, oil exporters, effective exchange rate

Member countries of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community are recovering from the global financial crisis, although growth in 2011 has not returned to precrisis levels. Executive Directors welcomed th...

Competitiveness in the CFA Franc Zone

Competitiveness in the CFA Franc Zone »

Volume/Issue: 2007/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , and Gustavo Ramirez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867763.001

ISBN: 9781451867763

Keywords: Competitiveness, CFA franc, WAEMU, CEMAC, exchange rate, reer, exchange rates, real effective exchange rate, effective exchange rate,

This paper reviews the evolution of competitiveness in the CFA franc zone using a proposed comprehensive competitiveness framework. In particular, we examine competitiveness in the WAEMU and CEMAC regions by analyz...

Determinants of Non-oil Growth in the CFA-Zone Oil Producing Countries
			: How do they Differ?

Determinants of Non-oil Growth in the CFA-Zone Oil Producing Countries : How do they Differ? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexandra Tabova , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463921996.001

ISBN: 9781463921996

Keywords: real exchange rate, exchange rate, exporters, oil exporters, Intertemporal Choice and Growth: General, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Non-oil growth in the CFA oil exporting countries has been lackluster despite their great natural resource wealth. In this paper we study the key determinants of non-oil growth and explore to what extent these coun...

Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Competitiveness and Real Exchange Rate Misalignment in Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Lewis , Aurelie Martin , and Gabriel Di Bella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867657.001

ISBN: 9781451867657

Keywords: Competitiveness, Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Low-Income Countries, reer, exchange rate, export volume, exchange rates, real exchange rate, Comparative Studies of Countries,

Assessing a country's competitiveness routinely starts with an analysis of the real exchange rate. However, in low-income countries, empirical analysis of the real exchange rate is often subject to important limita...

Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper
			: In Search of Commodity Currencies

Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper : In Search of Commodity Currencies »

Volume/Issue: 2002/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Luis Céspedes , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875300.001

ISBN: 9781451875300

Keywords: Exchange rate, developing country, real exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, reer, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper examines whether the real exchange rates of commodity-exporting countries and the real prices of their commodity exports move together over time. Using IMF data on the world prices of 44 commodities and...

Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper

Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper »

Source: Keynes, Cocoa, and Copper : In Search of Commodity Currencies

Volume/Issue: 2002/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Luis Céspedes , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451875300

Keywords: Exchange rate, developing country, real exchange rate, exchange rates, real exchange rates, reer, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper examines whether the real exchange rates of commodity-exporting countries and the real prices of their commodity exports move together over time. Using IMF data on the world prices of 44 commodities and...

2. Monetary Policy Effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa

2. Monetary Policy Effectiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2010, Sub-Saharan Africa : Resilience and Risks

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 2010

ISBN: 9781589069497

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, exchange rate regimes, oil exporters

Introduction and Summary Monetary authorities in sub-Saharan African countries have experienced significant challenges in managing a period of inflationary pressures (2007–08) and, s...