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The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Macroeconomics of Scaling Up Aid : Lessons from Recent Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , Mumtaz Hussain , Shaun Roache , Amber Mahone , Tokhir Mirzoev , and Shekhar Aiyar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589065918

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, real exchange rate, monetary policy

Aid facilitates a transfer of resources from donor to recipient countries that enables the recipients to increase consumption and investment. It thus presents an opportunity to reduce poverty, increase the s...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

In the late 1970s, industrial countries began phasing out the direct instruments some of them used to operate monetary policy—including credit controls, interest rate ceilings, and sometimes directed credits...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Part II provides additional details on selected countries’ experiences with the introduction of indirect instruments. It consists of seven case studies (Chile, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, a...

II Chile

II Chile »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

The transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy in Chile started as early as 1974, as part of a broad package of economic liberalization measures. The most important reforms in the monetary policy...

II Conceptual Framework and Its Application to Five Countries

II Conceptual Framework and Its Application to Five Countries »

Source: The Macroeconomics of Scaling Up Aid : Lessons from Recent Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , Mumtaz Hussain , Shaun Roache , Amber Mahone , Tokhir Mirzoev , and Shekhar Aiyar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589065918

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, real exchange rate, monetary policy

This chapter develops an analytical framework for examining policy responses to a surge in aid inflows, summarizes the evidence from a sample of five low-income countries, and seeks out general lessons that...

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Modes of Operation In implementing monetary policy, a central bank can act in two ways: directly through its regulatory powers, or indirectly through its influence on money market co...

III Egypt

III Egypt »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Egypt’s transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy has two salient elements: pervasive distortions in the economy at the outset of the transition and a drastic improvement in expectations about th...

III Ethiopia

III Ethiopia »

Source: The Macroeconomics of Scaling Up Aid : Lessons from Recent Experience

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Andrew Berg , Mumtaz Hussain , Shaun Roache , Amber Mahone , Tokhir Mirzoev , and Shekhar Aiyar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2007

ISBN: 9781589065918

Keywords: Absorptive capacity, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, real exchange rate, monetary policy

The Derg regime, a political dictatorship employing socialist central planning, held sway in Ethiopia from 1974 until its overthrow in 1991. After the totalitarian regime fell, the Ethiopian authorities impl...

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Monetary policy is a major component of economic policy in market economies and an important part of IMF-supported adjustment programs. The central bank in most countries is assigned the primary responsibili...