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From Generosity to Sustainability

From Generosity to Sustainability »

Source: From Generosity to Sustainability : The Austrian Pension System and Options for its Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Thimann , and Manfred Koch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451842654

Keywords: pension, pension system, early retirement, retirement

Austria has probably the world’s highest pension expenditures relative to its economic size, largely because of the generosity of its pension system. This paper examines the institutional setup of the Austri...

Fundamental Determinants of the Effects of Fiscal Policy

Fundamental Determinants of the Effects of Fiscal Policy »

Source: Fundamental Determinants of the Effects of Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2006/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Dennis Botman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863321

Keywords: spillover effects, tax reform, privatizing retirement saving; non-Ricardian model, taxation, labor income, private consumption, Open Economy Macroeconomics, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Social Security and Public Pensions

We explore the underlying determinants of the macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy and tax and social security reform using the Global Fiscal Model (GFM). We show that the planning horizon of consumers, access to...

Generational Accounting for France

Generational Accounting for France »

Source: Generational Accounting for France

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ousmane Dore , and Joaquim Levy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1998

ISBN: 9781451843095

Keywords: Government Expenditure, Tax Incidence, Budget, Economics of the Elderly, tax payments, pension, pensions, tax burden, fiscal policy

This paper presents the first set of generational accounts prepared for France, illustrating the impact on different generations of current policy settings. It was developed using age profiles of taxes and transfer...

Global Aging and Declining World Interest Rates

Global Aging and Declining World Interest Rates »

Source: Global Aging and Declining World Interest Rates : Macroeconomic Insurance Through Pension Reform in Cyprus

Volume/Issue: 2008/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , Jaime Guajardo , and Mario Catalan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869590

Keywords: Pension reform, dynamic general equilibrium model, population aging, pension, benefits, pension benefits, retirement,

How will the world-wide decline in real interest rates associated with global aging affect small open economies (SOEs) with aging populations? Lower interest rates will result in higher capital-labor ratios and inc...

Governance and Fund Management in the Chinese Pension System

Governance and Fund Management in the Chinese Pension System »

Source: Governance and Fund Management in the Chinese Pension System

Volume/Issue: 2009/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yu-Wei Hu , Gregorio Impavido , and Xiaohong Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

ISBN: 9781451873931

Keywords: Public pensions, Fund Management, Governance, pension, social security, asset managers, pension funds, pension system, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation

The Chinese pension system is highly fragmented and decentralized, with governance standards, pension fund management practices, their regulation and supervision varying considerably both across the funded componen...

HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS »

Source: HIV/AIDS : The Impact on Poverty and Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2006/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker , and Gonzalo Salinas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863864

Keywords: growth, income per capita, HIV/AIDS, hiv, aids, unaids, prevalence rate, Social Security and Public Pensions, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

Using available data on the distribution of HIV/AIDS prevalence across population groups for four sub-Saharan African countries and transposing this information to household income and expenditure surveys, we simul...

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

Hong Kong Special Administrative Region »

Source: Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Macroeconomic Impact of an Aging Population in a Highly Open Economy

Volume/Issue: 2006/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lamin Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

ISBN: 9781451863475

Keywords: Productivity Growth, Fiscal Impact, Health Care Costs, pension, health care, elderly, dependency, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production

Hong Kong SAR's population is aging rapidly. This paper concludes that, without a change in policies, aging could adversely affect growth and living standards. While higher labor productivity growth and increased m...

How the Financial Crisis Affects Pensions and Insurance and Why the Impacts Matter

How the Financial Crisis Affects Pensions and Insurance and Why the Impacts Matter »

Source: How the Financial Crisis Affects Pensions and Insurance and Why the Impacts Matter

Volume/Issue: 2009/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Tower , and Gregorio Impavido

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

ISBN: 9781451872989

Keywords: pension, insurance companies, pension plans, life insurance, pension funds

This paper discusses the key sources of vulnerabilities for pension plans and insurance companies in light of the global financial crisis of 2008. It also discusses how these institutional investors transit shocks...

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different?

Manufacturing Jobs and Inequality: Why is the U.S. Experience Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalija Novta , and Evgenia Pugacheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320450.001

ISBN: 9781498320450

Keywords: Agriculture, Capital income, Cross country analysis, Data analysis, Demographic indicators, Disposable income, Economic indicators, Economic sectors, Economies, Education

We examine the extent to which declining manufacturing employment may have contributed to increasing inequality in advanced economies. This contribution is typically small, except in the United States. We explore t...

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Swiston , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864519.001

ISBN: 9781451864519

Keywords: private saving, Ricardian equivalence, dependency ratio, pension, domestic saving,

This paper examines the factors influencing Mexico's private saving rate. Cross-country analysis finds that Mexico's private saving is somewhat higher than could be explained by its fundamentals, but lower than in...