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Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet

Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet »

Source: Finland's Public Sector Balance Sheet : A Novel Approach to Analysis of Public Finance

Volume/Issue: 2018/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Maren Brede , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484349885

Keywords: Finland, Debt sustainability, Europe, Public Sector Balance Sheet, Intertemporal Fiscal Balances, General, Social Security and Public Pensions, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt

We construct a comprehensive public sector balance sheet for Finland from 2000 to 2016 by complementing general government statistics with data on public corporations and public pensions. We show that exposure to v...

Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil

Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil »

Source: Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2017/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , Izabela Karpowicz , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475595550

Keywords: Brazil, Pensions, Government expenditures and health, Aging, Western Hemisphere, Health, fiscal consolidation, Social Security and Public Pensions, Demographic Trends and Forecasts

In recent decades, population has been aging fast in Brazil while old age pensions and healthrelated spending have increased. As the population ages, the spending trend threaten to reach unsustainable levels absent...

Fiscal Effects of the 1993 Colombian Pension Reform

Fiscal Effects of the 1993 Colombian Pension Reform »

Source: Fiscal Effects of the 1993 Colombian Pension Reform

Volume/Issue: 1998/158

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Clavijo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1998

ISBN: 9781451857559

Keywords: Pension Funds, Latin America, pension, pension system, pension liabilities, retirement, benefits

This study examines the fiscal impact of the pension reform adopted in Colombia in 1993, which established a fully funded, privately administered pension system alongside the existing pay-as-you-go state scheme. Th...

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability : Cardoso's Brazil, 1995-2002

Volume/Issue: 2004/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451857436

Keywords: institutions, public debt, central bank, public sector debt, fiscal adjustment, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, Social Security and Public Pensions, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General

We look into Brazil's public sector accounts during the two administrations of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso: 1995-98 and 1998-2002. We underline the fact that the authorities' attitude was as important as th...

Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration

Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Growth in the Context of European Integration

Volume/Issue: 2000/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855487

Keywords: fiscal federalism, tax competition, tax rates, fiscal policies, pension, pensions

The paper considers the issue of whether a supranational fiscal policy in Europe is needed, and, if so, what responsibilities it should undertake. The literature on endogenous growth and the principle of subsidiari...

Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010

Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010 »

Source: Fiscal Policy Response to External Crises the Case of Moldova 1998-2010

Volume/Issue: 2012/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Driton Qehaja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502343

Keywords: international assistance, pension, pension system, tax revenue, retirement, Moldova, Republic of, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit

External shocks pose major challenges to fiscal policy makers through lower output and large fiscal imbalances. This paper analyzes the case of Moldova, which faced parallel crises a decade apart: the Russian crisi...

The Fiscal Stance in Sweden

The Fiscal Stance in Sweden »

Source: The Fiscal Stance in Sweden : A Generational Accounting Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1995/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph John , and Robert Hagemann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451947519

Keywords: pension, fiscal policy, tax payments, pensions, public finances

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

A Framework for the Analysis of Pension and Unemployment Benefit Reform in Poland

A Framework for the Analysis of Pension and Unemployment Benefit Reform in Poland »

Source: A Framework for the Analysis of Pension and Unemployment Benefit Reform in Poland

Volume/Issue: 1994/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): W. Perraudin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1994

ISBN: 9781451845907

Keywords: pension, retirement, unemployment, social security, pensions

This paper examines the impacts on welfare, savings, labor supply, and the government budget of several possible reforms of the Polish pension and unemployment benefit systems. The framework of analysis is a life c...

French Public Finances

French Public Finances »

Source: French Public Finances : Modeling Long-Term Prospects and Reform Options

Volume/Issue: 1998/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Karl Habermeier , and Fabrice Lenseigne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1998

ISBN: 9781451842876

Keywords: Population Aging, Economic Growth, Public Finance, Health Care, Stochastic Simulations, pension, retirement, retirement age

Over the coming decades, demographic developments will lead to a significant increase in public outlays on pensions and health care, relative to national income. This study extends earlier work by considering the a...

From Generosity to Sustainability

From Generosity to Sustainability »

Source: From Generosity to Sustainability : The Austrian Pension System and Options for its Reform

Volume/Issue: 1997/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Thimann , and Manfred Koch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451842654

Keywords: pension, pension system, early retirement, retirement

Austria has probably the world’s highest pension expenditures relative to its economic size, largely because of the generosity of its pension system. This paper examines the institutional setup of the Austri...