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II. Background

II. Background »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

Demographic Trends Projections of demographic trends reflect assumptions about future variations in fertility, life expectancy, and immigration flows. 2...

II Methodology for Projections

II Methodology for Projections »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Pattern of Government Social Expenditure, 1980 An important problem faced in undertaking this study, particularly given its cross-country focus, was how to define the social expendit...

II The Context for the Implementation of Fiscal Policy

II The Context for the Implementation of Fiscal Policy »

Source: Fiscal Policy : Issues During the Transition in Russia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sergei Alexashenko , and Augusto López-Claros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757036

Keywords: pension, pensions, subsidies, expenditure, expenditures

The chief characteristics of a centrally planned economy began to emerge in the Soviet Union toward the end of the 1920s and early 1930s and eventually consisted of state ownership of the means of production...

III. Identifying Fiscal Consequences

III. Identifying Fiscal Consequences »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

This section outlines the analytical and empirical approach adopted for assessing the long-run fiscal impact of a public pension system. 15 The section also presents projections o...

III Population Dynamics in the Seven Major Industrial Countries

III Population Dynamics in the Seven Major Industrial Countries »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

A significant change is projected in the demographic structure of the seven major industrial countries over the next several decades. Through the year 2000 much of this change can be predicted with reasonabl...

III Priorities for the Modernization of the Tax System

III Priorities for the Modernization of the Tax System »

Source: Fiscal Policy : Issues During the Transition in Russia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sergei Alexashenko , and Augusto López-Claros

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 1998

ISBN: 9781557757036

Keywords: pension, pensions, subsidies, expenditure, expenditures

Like other countries undergoing systemic transformation, Russia has experienced a radical contraction in the scale of the public sector as well as fundamental changes in the role of the state in the economy....

IMF Book Forum: The Macroeconomics of HIV/AIDS

IMF Book Forum: The Macroeconomics of HIV/AIDS »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 33, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 33/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451969085

Keywords: budget, labor market, deficit, pension reform, pension fund, Germany, France: bolstering growth,

Higher oil prices, a rising euro, and softer global demand are beginning to take their toll on Europe’s brittle economic upturn. Will the euro area’s two largest economies, Germany and France, be able...

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Germany

IMF Concludes Article IV Consultation with Germany »

Source: Germany : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2000/141

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2000

ISBN: 9781451810349

Keywords: debt, article, interest, pension reform, tax rates

Fiscal policy has a strong foundation in the multiyear program of spending cuts, tax reforms, and deficit reduction in Germany. Germany's focus on actual, rather than cyclically adjusted, fiscal goals and outcomes...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974034.003

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Germany
			: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Germany : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2000/141

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451810349.002

ISBN: 9781451810349

Keywords: debt, article, interest, pension reform, tax rates

Fiscal policy has a strong foundation in the multiyear program of spending cuts, tax reforms, and deficit reduction in Germany. Germany's focus on actual, rather than cyclically adjusted, fiscal goals and outcomes...