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I. Introduction and Summary

I. Introduction and Summary »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

An aging society is characterized by a growing proportion of the retired to the active working population. Societies age either when fertility rates decline so that fewer children are born, or when longevity...

II. Background

II. Background »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

Demographic Trends Projections of demographic trends reflect assumptions about future variations in fertility, life expectancy, and immigration flows. 2...

III. Identifying Fiscal Consequences

III. Identifying Fiscal Consequences »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

This section outlines the analytical and empirical approach adopted for assessing the long-run fiscal impact of a public pension system. 15 The section also presents projections o...

Ensuring Fiscal Sustainability in G-7 Countries

Ensuring Fiscal Sustainability in G-7 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Leigh , David Hauner , and Michael Skaarup

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867510.001

ISBN: 9781451867510

Keywords: general equilibrium models, pension, public debt, health care, Genenral Equilibrium Models,

Rising longevity, falling fertility rates, and the retirement of the baby boom generation will substantially raise age-related government spending in most advanced and many emerging market countries. This paper ass...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing »

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934861.001

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

Pension Policies in the OECD Countries
			: Background and Trends

Pension Policies in the OECD Countries : Background and Trends »

Volume/Issue: 1988/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451954159.001

ISBN: 9781451954159

Keywords: pension, retirement, social security, pensions, public pension

Concerns about restructuring old-age income provisions and reforming public pension schemes are an OECD-wide phenomenon. This paper highlights first the background of the reform debate. Despite the divergences in t...

The Taxation of Financial Assets
			: A Survey of Issues and Country Experiences

The Taxation of Financial Assets : A Survey of Issues and Country Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1995/46

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John King , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846515.001

ISBN: 9781451846515

Keywords: tax treatment, tax rates, tax rate, pension, tax systems

Taxes affect the degree and efficiency of financial intermediation in many different ways. This paper summarizes the main tax provisions in OECD countries that affect the overall “tax wedge” between p...

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1

Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing1 »

Source: Increasing Dependency Ratios, Pensions, and Tax Smoothing

Volume/Issue: 1998/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Efraim Sadka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451934861

Keywords: Dependency ratios, a pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension, fully funded, defined-contribution pension, tax smoothing, real exchange rate risk, pension, pension fund, pension program

The implication of increasing dependency ratios for pay-as-you-go, defined-benefit pension programs are examined. Modifications aimed at smoothing contributions while maintaining benefits intact are analyzed for bo...

IV. Reform Options

IV. Reform Options »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

The previous section pointed to the need for major pension adjustments for most major industrial countries so as to ensure that their public pension systems are sustainable and to prevent a buildup in pensio...

Methodological and Statistical Appendix

Methodological and Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2012 : Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment: Taking Stock: A Progress Report on Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2012

ISBN: 9781616353919

Keywords: pension, fiscal consolidation, unemployment, fiscal policy, pensions

This appendix comprises six sections. “What’s New” presents a brief description of the methodological changes to the database and statistical tables since the April 2012 issue of the Fiscal Monitor. “Data an...