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II Growth and the Saving-Investment Balance: Past Performance and Future Challenges

II Growth and the Saving-Investment Balance: Past Performance and Future Challenges »

Source: Oman Beyond the Oil Horizon : Policies Toward Sustainable Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Volker Treichel , and Ahsan Mansur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 1999

ISBN: 9781557758330

Keywords: fiscal policy, expenditure, capital expenditure, fiscal adjustment, fiscal impulse

Growth and the Saving-Investment Balance: Past Performance and Future Challenges The economy of Oman experienced substantial growth and domestic price stability over the period 1980–...

II. How Fiscal Policy Can Affect Growth: Conceptual Issues and Evidence

II. How Fiscal Policy Can Affect Growth: Conceptual Issues and Evidence »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

A Basic Conceptual Framework 4 Growth in actual output per person employed (productivity growth) can be attributed to one or more of th...

II Introduction

II Introduction »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

This Occasional Paper describes the experience of countries that have undertaken large fiscal adjustments over the past three decades. It identifies preconditions, common policy approaches, and institutional...

II Issues in Fiscal Transparency

II Issues in Fiscal Transparency »

Source: Transparency in Government Operations

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits , and J. Craig

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 1998

ISBN: 9781557756978

Keywords: fiscal transparency, fiscal policy, quasi-fiscal activities, fiscal activities, budget process

This section reviews the major facets of fiscal transparency in three overlapping and interrelated areas. 17 The first encompasses transparency in government institutions and beha...

II. Long-Term Growth Performance

II. Long-Term Growth Performance »

Source: Thailand : The Road to Sustained Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , Kalpana Kochhar , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Jianping Zhou , Mauro Mecagni , and Balázs Horváth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756039

Keywords: private investment, wages, wage, fiscal policy, adjustment period

Thailand’s economic growth performance during the past three decades has been impressive. In 1960, per capita gross domestic product (GDP) was only slightly higher than that in India, Pakistan, Ghana, and Mo...

II Rationale and Institutions

II Rationale and Institutions »

Source: Fiscal Policy Rules

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits , and Steven Symansky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1998

ISBN: 9781557757043

Keywords: fiscal policy, fiscal rules, public debt, fiscal policy rules, fiscal rule

Against the backdrop of fiscal developments in recent decades, this section reviews the major arguments that have been put forth to adopt fiscal policy rules. It then discusses the institutional aspects of e...

II The Current Fiscal Position

II The Current Fiscal Position »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Fiscal policy represents the main macroeconomic policy instrument at the disposal of the authorities in the Baltics. This is due to their decision to anchor their macroeconomic stabilization efforts with the...

II The Recent Oil Boom

II The Recent Oil Boom »

Source: Managing the Oil Revenue Boom : The Role of Fiscal Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Rolando Ossowski , Theo Thomas , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067189

Keywords: Financial institutions, Oil revenues, oil-producing countries, fiscal policy, oil prices, fiscal rules

This section provides an overview of the fiscal policy responses of oil-producing countries to the oil boom through 2005. 1 Although the analysis focuses on broad trends, the sign...

III Choice of Potential Growth Rate

III Choice of Potential Growth Rate »

Source: A Review of the Fiscal Impulse Measure

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ahsan Mansur , Richard Haas , and Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 1986

ISBN: 9780939934607

Keywords: inflation, fiscal impulse, budget balance, fiscal policy, budget deficit

Both the fiscal impulse and structural balance measures are sensitive to the assumed rate of potential GDP growth. The gap between potential and actual output directly enters into the calculation of the cycl...

III. Country Experiences with Public Sector Reform

III. Country Experiences with Public Sector Reform »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

The objective of this section is to assess the growth-fostering characteristics of the public sector reforms undertaken by eight countries during a period normally of about 15 years (usually 1978–93). Sectio...