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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Brazil

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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with Brazil »

Source: Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

The economic recovery after the 2015-16 recession has disappointed, with real GDP growing by only 1.1 percent in 2017 and 2018. Inflation is close to target, hovering around 4 percent. Monetary policy is accommodat...

Brazil
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

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Brazil : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2019/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513508368.002

ISBN: 9781513508368

Keywords: Balance of payments, Central banks, Economic indicators, Expenditures, Gross domestic product, BCB, pension reform, primary balance, BNDES, percent

The economic recovery after the 2015-16 recession has disappointed, with real GDP growing by only 1.1 percent in 2017 and 2018. Inflation is close to target, hovering around 4 percent. Monetary policy is accommodat...

Fiscal Policy in Latin America
			: Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis

Fiscal Policy in Latin America : Lessons and Legacies of the Global Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2015/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Oya Celasun , Francesco Grigoli , Keiko Honjo , Javier Kapsoli , Alexander Klemm , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Luksic , Marialuz Moreno Badia , Joana Pereira , Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro , Baoping Shang , and Yulia Ustyugova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304412.006

ISBN: 9781498304412

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Latin America, fiscal institutions, debt, expenditure, financial crisis, Structure and Scope of Government, General, General, General,

Latin America's bold fiscal policy reaction to the global financial crisis was hailed as a sign that the region had finally overcome its procyclical fiscal past. However, most countries of the region have not yet r...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, No. 1

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, No. 1 »

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063228.024

ISBN: 9781589063228

Keywords: expenditure, bribe, government expenditure, bribes, Banks and banking, Special Drawing Rights (SDR), Capital Stock, Cointegration, Demand (economic Theory), Empirical Methods

This first issue of Volume 51 for 2004 includes a new paper by Peter B. Clark and Jacques J. Polak, along with a tribute from the Editor to Mr. Polak in honor of his 90th birthday. This issue also launches a new fe...

A New Action-based Dataset of Fiscal Consolidation in Latin America and the Caribbean

A New Action-based Dataset of Fiscal Consolidation in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2018/94

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484353059.001

ISBN: 9781484353059

Keywords: Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Taxation, Uruguay, Western Hemisphere, Argentina, Fiscal policy, Guatemala, Jamaica

This paper presents a new database of fiscal consolidations for 14 Latin American and Caribbean economies during 1989-2016. We focus on discretionary changes in taxes and government spending primarily motivated by...

Country Risks and the Investment Activity of U.S. Multinationals in Developing Countries

Country Risks and the Investment Activity of U.S. Multinationals in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1999/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Lehmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855470.001

ISBN: 9781451855470

Keywords: Foreign investment, investment under uncertainty, capital expenditures, foreign affiliates, foreign capital, capital formation, fdi

This paper develops a simple real options model that demonstrates the role of country-specific risk and sunk costs in determining a multinational’s choice between exports and foreign investment. The hypothes...

Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil

Fiscal Challenges of Population Aging in Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2017/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , Izabela Karpowicz , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475595550.001

ISBN: 9781475595550

Keywords: Brazil, Pensions, Government expenditures and health, Aging, Western Hemisphere, Health, fiscal consolidation, Social Security and Public Pensions, Demographic Trends and Forecasts

In recent decades, population has been aging fast in Brazil while old age pensions and healthrelated spending have increased. As the population ages, the spending trend threaten to reach unsustainable levels absent...

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability
			: Cardoso's Brazil, 1995-2002

Fiscal Policy and Debt Sustainability : Cardoso's Brazil, 1995-2002 »

Volume/Issue: 2004/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857436.001

ISBN: 9781451857436

Keywords: institutions, public debt, central bank, public sector debt, fiscal adjustment, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, Social Security and Public Pensions, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General

We look into Brazil's public sector accounts during the two administrations of President Fernando Henrique Cardoso: 1995-98 and 1998-2002. We underline the fact that the authorities' attitude was as important as th...

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate

Fiscal Policy and the Real Exchange Rate »

Volume/Issue: 2012/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santanu Chatterjee , and Azer Mursagulov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463937133.001

ISBN: 9781463937133

Keywords: real exchange rate, intersectoral adjustment costs, exchange rate, government spending, government spending shocks, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, National Government Expenditures And Related Policies,

Government spending on infrastructure has recently increased sharply in many emerging-market economies. This paper examines the mechanism through which public infrastructure spending affects the dynamics of the rea...

Fiscal Rules
			: Useful Policy Framework or Unnecessary Ornament?

Fiscal Rules : Useful Policy Framework or Unnecessary Ornament? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856545.001

ISBN: 9781451856545

Keywords: fiscal rules, expenditure, fiscal policy rules, capital expenditure, Investment, And Finance, Taxation, national Budget, Deficit, And Debt,

With the primary objective of conferring credibility on macroeconomic policies, an increasing number of advanced and emerging market economies have adopted various forms of fiscal rules (mainly balanced-budget requ...