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Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems

Appendix III. Summary of Tax Systems »

Source: The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This appendix presents in tabular form (Table 12) the eight countries at various stages of their adjust-some of the basic features of the tax systems of ment efforts....

Appendix: Introduction to the CEMAC Institutions

Appendix: Introduction to the CEMAC Institutions »

Source: Oil Wealth in Central Africa : Policies for Inclusive Growth

Series: Books

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2012

ISBN: 9781616353766

Keywords: fiscal policy, per, public investment, expenditure, fiscal stance

The Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) comprises six countries in Central Africa that have been engaging in various forms of economic and monetary cooperation with each other for more th...

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology

Appendix IV Econometric Methodology »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

The duration of fiscal consolidation can be expressed by a hazard function. A hazard function measures the probability that a fiscal consolidation will end in time period t, provide...

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix V Macroeconomic Impact of Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Experience with Large Fiscal Adjustments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mark Horton , George Tsibouris , Wojciech Maliszewski , and Mark Flanagan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

ISBN: 9781589064584

Keywords: Fiscal management, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, expenditures, fiscal adjustments, fiscal policy

Figure A5.1. Event Studies: Key Macroeconomic Indicators (Annual percentage change, unless indicated otherwise)...

Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue »

Source: Are Diamonds Forever? Using the Permanent Income Hypothesis to Analyze Botswana's Reliance on Diamond Revenue

Volume/Issue: 2008/80

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Basdevant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869415

Keywords: permanent income hypothesis, diamond-related fiscal revenue, expenditure, fiscal revenue, government expenditure, fiscal rule, fiscal adjustment,

This study assesses the sustainability of Botswana’s diamond-related fiscal revenue. Diamond reserves are not adequate to generate enough permanent revenue to sustain a high level of expenditure. Under the c...

Are Exchange Rates Excessively Volatile? And What Does “Excessively Volatile” Mean, Anyway?

Are Exchange Rates Excessively Volatile? And What Does “Excessively Volatile” Mean, Anyway? »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 43 No. 1

Volume: 43

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451957099

Keywords: military spending, military expenditures, capital investment, resource allocation, cold war

This paper extends a standard growth model and obtains consistent panel data estimates of the growth retarding effects of military spending via its adverse impact on capital formation and resource allocation. Simul...

As military spending stabilizes, antipoverty outlays increase

As military spending stabilizes, antipoverty outlays increase »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 31, Issue 11

Volume/Issue: 31/11

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2002

ISBN: 9781451931433

Keywords: government expenditure, military spending, peace research, stockholm international peace research institute

For many years, the IMF has tracked countries’ military spending. The IMF’s Fiscal Affairs Department describes its most recent findings and also looks at patterns in military as well as poverty-reduc...

The Asian Dollar and Free Gold Markets in Singapore

The Asian Dollar and Free Gold Markets in Singapore »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1971

Volume/Issue: 8/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1971

ISBN: 9781616353032

Keywords: capital goods, expenditure, expenditures, investment expenditures, capital ? expenditures

This paper examines the difference between 'capital' and 'investment' for developing countries. The paper highlights that investment in material capital is merely one of the factors involved in economic development...

Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor

Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor »

Source: Assessing the Impact of Structural Adjustmenton the Poor : The Case of Malawi

Volume/Issue: 1991/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Odd Brekk , and Ronald Hicks

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1991

ISBN: 9781451853513

Keywords: expenditure, wage, expenditures, expenditure patterns

This paper applies, through a case study on Malawi, a simple methodology indicating the first-round (i.e., price) effects of macroeconomic policies on real earnings of the poor. As the economic program in Malawi ha...

Asymmetry in the U.S. Output-Inflation Nexus

Asymmetry in the U.S. Output-Inflation Nexus »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 43 No. 1

Volume: 43

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451957099

Keywords: military spending, military expenditures, capital investment, resource allocation, cold war

This paper extends a standard growth model and obtains consistent panel data estimates of the growth retarding effects of military spending via its adverse impact on capital formation and resource allocation. Simul...