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Addendum. Exchange System Reforms in the Islamic Republic of Iran: A Note on Past and Current Experiences

Addendum. Exchange System Reforms in the Islamic Republic of Iran: A Note on Past and Current Experiences »

Source: Macroeconomic Issues and Policies in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060418

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, real exchange rate, central bank

In the wake of the revolution in Iran and the subsequent conflict with Iraq, a complex, heavily controlled foreign exchange system emerged to support the conflict efforts. This system featured several exchan...

Addendum. Implementation of the European Union Association Agreements

Addendum. Implementation of the European Union Association Agreements »

Source: Macroeconomic Issues and Policies in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060418

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, real exchange rate, central bank

As described in Chapter 11, three Middle Eastern and North African countries—Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia—so far have signed EU Association Agreements. This addendum summarizes developments in these countrie...

Addendum. Recent Developments in Islamic Banking

Addendum. Recent Developments in Islamic Banking »

Source: Macroeconomic Issues and Policies in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060418

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, real exchange rate, central bank

The purpose of this note is to provide a brief update of the recent developments in Islamic finance. Although the Islamic finance industry continues to grow at impressive speed, this note focuses only on the...

2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance

2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

This chapter provides a framework for determining the appropriate mix of monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate policies for correcting macroeconomic imbalances. It discusses the design of macroeconomic adjustm...

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies

3 Aid Volatility and Macroeconomic Policies »

Source: Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

At the G-8 meeting in Scotland in July 2005, world leaders announced a US$50 billion increase in official development assistance to poor countries. This surge in aid—aimed at achieving the Millennium Develop...

4 Are Current Account Imbalances in ASEAN Countries a Problem?

4 Are Current Account Imbalances in ASEAN Countries a Problem? »

Source: Macroeconomic Issues Facing ASEAN Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 1997

ISBN: 9781557756374

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, fdi, reer, real exchange rate

Since the beginning of the 1990s, current account imbalances in a number of the countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) have widened considerably, generating concern in some quarters...

13 ASEAN in a Regional Perspective

13 ASEAN in a Regional Perspective »

Source: Macroeconomic Issues Facing ASEAN Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 1997

ISBN: 9781557756374

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, fdi, reer, real exchange rate

ASEAN and Its Pattern of Trade There are two striking pieces of conventional wisdom about the status of regional trading blocs in East Asia. The first is that the only formal regiona...

12 ASEAN in the World Economy

12 ASEAN in the World Economy »

Source: Macroeconomic Issues Facing ASEAN Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 1997

ISBN: 9781557756374

Keywords: current account, exchange rate, fdi, reer, real exchange rate

Since the economic takeoff of the countries of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) began in earnest in the 1970s, their importance in the world economy has increased dramatically (Table 1)....

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

One of the primary goals of fiscal policy is to contribute to price stabilization in the context of a sustainable balance of payments. 1 To attain this objective, public sector fi...

11 Background Paper: A Reexamination of Indicators of Monetary and Financial Conditions

11 Background Paper: A Reexamination of Indicators of Monetary and Financial Conditions »

Source: Structural Change in Japan : Macroeconomic Impact and Policy Challenges

Series: Books

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Guy Meredith , and Bijan Aghevli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 June 1998

ISBN: 9781557756961

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, inflation, monetary policy, real exchange rate

To assess quantitatively the impact of changes in financial conditions on aggregate demand in recent years, this chapter discusses extensions to the staff’s past analysis of the monetary conditions index (MC...