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APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework

APPENDIX 1. Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in the Baltics in a Cointegration Framework »

Source: The Baltics : Competitiveness on the Eve of EU Accession

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Yuan Xiao , Robert Burgess , and Stefania Fabrizio

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2004

ISBN: 9781589063266

Keywords: European Union, Labor productivity, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

This appendix considers the behavior of real effective exchange rates (REERs) in the Baltics over the period 1994–2002. The analysis is based on a theoretical framework that encompa...

Appendix I DECISION ON USE OF THE FUND’S RESOURCES AND REPURCHASES

Appendix I DECISION ON USE OF THE FUND’S RESOURCES AND REPURCHASES »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1952

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1952

ISBN: 9781616351649

Keywords: balance of payments, gold, inflation, monetary reserves, foreign exchange

1. The Managing Director has made the following statement which should be the framework for his discussions with members on use of the Fund’s resources: “The present proposals are desig...

Appendix I Economic Policy Coordination in Context of Uncertainty

Appendix I Economic Policy Coordination in Context of Uncertainty »

Source: Characteristics of a Successful Exchange Rate System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson , Morris Goldstein , and Jacob Frenkel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557752154

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, current account, inflation, monetary fund

An important aspect of policy coordination is the lack of knowledge about the effects of policies and hence whether a particular policy choice is likely to have beneficial, or harmful, effects....

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System

Appendix I Exchange and Trade System »

Source: Economic Dislocation and Recovery in Lebanon

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jose Martelino , S. Erbas , Adnan Mazarei , Sena Eken , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781557754592

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, expenditure, monetary fund, per capita income

This section summarizes Lebanon's exchange and trade system as of May 31,1994. Exchange Arrangements The currency of Lebanon is the Lebane...

Appendix I. Exchange Arrangements and Monetary Policy Frameworks in IMF Arab Member Countries

Appendix I. Exchange Arrangements and Monetary Policy Frameworks in IMF Arab Member Countries »

Source: Monetary Issues in the Middle East and North Africa Region : A Policy Implementation Handbook for Central Bankers

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Philippe Karam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

ISBN: 9781475590562

Keywords: Bank supervision, Central banks, Egypt, Jordan, Interest rate policy, Middle East, Monetary policy, North Africa, Monetary transmission mechanism, Tunisia

Algeria Classification: Other managed arrangement The de jure exchange rate arrangement is managed floating. The Bank of Algeria (BA) does not announce th...

APPENDIX I. Fund’S Statement On Exchange Arrangements In Italy

APPENDIX I. Fund’S Statement On Exchange Arrangements In Italy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1948

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1948

ISBN: 9781616351601

Keywords: gold, inflation, multiple currency practices, exchange rates, exchange rate

(Press Release of December 4, 1947) The International Monetary Fund was informed by the Italian Government of the measures taken by that Government in its foreign exchange control practices. Althoug...

Appendix I. Interest Rate Convergence in Countries with a Currency Board Arrangement

Appendix I. Interest Rate Convergence in Countries with a Currency Board Arrangement »

Source: Currency Board Arrangements : Issues and Experiences

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756688

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

One main benefit of a CBA is to facilitate the convergence of domestic interest rates to international levels. This appendix describes interest rate convergence processes in Argenti...

Appendix I. Interest Rate Liberalization and the Demand for Money

Appendix I. Interest Rate Liberalization and the Demand for Money »

Source: Structural Reform, Stabilization, and Growth in Turkey

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1987

ISBN: 9780939934843

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, balance of payments, exchange rate

In recent years there has been a growing recognition among analysts and policymakers of interest rate policy as a major instrument for mobilizing financial resources in developing c...

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues

Appendix I. Measurement and Accounting Issues »

Source: Quasi-Fiscal Operations of Public Financial Institutions

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , and Peter Stella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 1996

ISBN: 9781557755834

Keywords: central bank, inflation, monetary fund, central banks, exchange rate

Various problems that arise in defining QFA, and in measuring the quasi-fiscal component of the operations of central banks and other PFIs, were briefly discussed in the text, as were the difficulties that c...

Appendix I: Statistical Tables

Appendix I: Statistical Tables »

Source: The European Monetary System : Recent Developments

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Owen Evens , Thomas Mayer , Philip Young , and Horst Ungerer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1986

ISBN: 9780939934799

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, monetary fund, inflation, exchange rate variability

Table 1. Quotas and Ceilings Under the Short-Term Monetary Support and Medium-Term Financial Assistance Facilities...