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II Facts on Existing Public Debt Structures

II Facts on Existing Public Debt Structures »

Source: Sovereign Debt Structure for Crisis Prevention

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Olivier Jeanne , Paolo Mauro , Jeronimo Zettelmeyer , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2005

ISBN: 9781589063778

Keywords: bonds, bond, currency debt, indexation, indexed bonds

Public debt in emerging market countries differs in several respects from that in advanced economies. First, average debt levels were traditionally equivalent to a lower share of GDP in emerging market count...

II. Insurance Against What? Shocks and Their Costs

II. Insurance Against What? Shocks and Their Costs »

Source: Country Insurance : The Role of Domestic Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Torbjorn Becker , Jonathan Ostry , Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2007

ISBN: 9781589066076

Keywords: Insurance supervision, Insurance legislation, Insurance regulations, bonds, international reserves, domestic currency, currency crises, international financial

In analyzing the types of events that countries may wish to insure against, this paper will focus on drops in per capita GDP as a practical and widely available proxy for the economic costs that countries in...

II Portfolio Capital Flows to the Developing Country Members of APEC

II Portfolio Capital Flows to the Developing Country Members of APEC »

Source: Capital Flows in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754660

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, bond, bonds, bond issues

Over the past five years, developing countries as a whole have experienced a strong increase in capital inflows, as many of these countries have implemented strong macroeconomic and structural reform program...

II Recent Developments in the Markets4

II Recent Developments in the Markets4 »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1982

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1982

ISBN: 9781557750716

Keywords: bond, bonds, international capital markets, capital markets, international capital

From 1973 to 1980 banks expanded their international claims at an average annual rate of about 23 per cent (Chart 1). Lending through bond markets increased sharply in the early years of the period, but was...

II Responses to Strains in Financial Markets

II Responses to Strains in Financial Markets »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1984

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Maxwell Watson , Peter Keller , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1984

ISBN: 9781557750730

Keywords: bond, bonds, banking, bank lending, bond issues

Introduction The period since late 1982 has been characterized by continuing strains in the capital markets. A large number of developing country members experienced a sharp deterior...

II Risk Perceptions in International Lending

II Risk Perceptions in International Lending »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1983

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): John Lipsky , Peter Keller , Donald Mathieson , and Richard Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1983

ISBN: 9781557750723

Keywords: bond, bonds, international capital markets, bond issues, international capital

Issues Concerning the Markets In general, banks in industrial countries appear to perceive the present situation as a time for a careful stocktaking and perhaps reassessment of their...

II Structural Changes in the Financial Markets

II Structural Changes in the Financial Markets »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , Eliot Kalter , Maxwell Watson , and G. Kincaid

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 1986

ISBN: 9780939934591

Keywords: bond, bonds, claims, bond issues, international capital markets

In recent years, the structure of major international financial markets has been fundamentally altered by the development of new instruments, more intense competition, and significant changes in official reg...

II The Mexican Strategy to Achieve Sustainable Economic Growth

II The Mexican Strategy to Achieve Sustainable Economic Growth »

Source: Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

In the first years following the 1982 debt crisis, the Mexican authorities adopted significant financial and structural measures to redress the situation. Particular emphasis was placed on fiscal policy, wit...

II The Theory of International Currency Use

II The Theory of International Currency Use »

Source: The Internationalization of Currencies : An Appraisal of the Japanese Yen

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Yusuru Ozeki , and George Tavlas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

ISBN: 9781557751973

Keywords: capital outflows, bonds, international currency, financial markets, inflation

Characteristics of an International Currency The uses of a currency in the international monetary system are analogous to, albeit more complex than, those of a national currency serv...

III An Analysis of the Linkages of Macroeconomic Policies in Mexico

III An Analysis of the Linkages of Macroeconomic Policies in Mexico »

Source: Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

This section examines the interrelationship between fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policies in Mexico from the late 1970s to mid-1991. The main purpose is to evaluate critically the consistency of the m...