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Informal Funds Transfer Systems
			: An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062269.084

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, there has been increased public interest in informal funds transfer (IFT) systems. This paper examines the informal hawala system, an IFT system found predominantl...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, there has been increased public interest in informal funds transfer (IFT) systems. This paper examines the informal hawala system, an IFT system found predominantl...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, there has been increased public interest in informal funds transfer (IFT) systems. This paper examines the informal hawala system, an IFT system found predominantl...

The International Lender of Last Resort

The International Lender of Last Resort »

Source: The International Lender of Last Resort : How Large is Large Enought?

Volume/Issue: 2001/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451849875

Keywords: bank runs, multiple equilibria, credit crunch, exchange rate regime, deposit insurance, Asian crisis, exchange rate, banking, foreign exchange, banking sector

This paper considers how an international lender of last resort (LOLR) can prevent self-fulfilling banking and currency crises in emerging economies. We compare two different arrangements: one in which the internat...

IV Origin and Modern Uses of IFT Systems

IV Origin and Modern Uses of IFT Systems »

Source: Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

IFT systems are ancient and well rooted in the cultures of various countries. Despite the different terminology ascribed to them—fei-ch’ien (China), hui kuan (Hong Kong), hundi (India), hawala (Middle East),...

10 Latvia’s Experience with Rapid Credit Growth

10 Latvia’s Experience with Rapid Credit Growth »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

Until 2000, lending activities by the banking sector were rather subdued in Latvia. At the beginning of this decade, the resident loans-to-GDP ratio was just below 20 percent (Figure 10.1). However, the situ...

Le Conseil d’administration du FMI conclut la troisième revue de l’accord FEC en faveur de la Mauritanie et approuve un décaissement de 17,1 millions de dollars EU

Le Conseil d’administration du FMI conclut la troisième revue de l’accord FEC en faveur de la Mauritanie et approuve un décaissement de 17,1 millions de dollars EU »

Source: Mauritanie : Troisième revue au titre de l'accord triennal appuyé par la facilité élargie de crédit-Rapport des services du FMI et communiqué de presse

Volume/Issue: 2011/362

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 December 2011

Language: French

ISBN: 9781463927943

Keywords: external debt, banking, foreign exchange, central bank, current account, banking system, debt relief, current account deficit, debt service, external financing

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

23 Lessons from Country Experiences with Rapid Credit Growth, and Policy Implications

23 Lessons from Country Experiences with Rapid Credit Growth, and Policy Implications »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth in Central and Eastern Europe : Endless Boom or Early Warning?

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Inci Ötker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2007

ISBN: 9780230521513

Keywords: Credit expansion, Eastern Europe, credit, banking, banking sector, current account, foreign exchange

The chapters in this volume set out a wide range of country experiences and of measures taken to cope with rapid credit growth. In this concluding chapter, we discuss some common themes that emerge from the...

Main Report

Main Report »

Source: The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises : Indonesia, Korea, Brazil

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): Kevin Barnes , Ali Mansoor , Benjamin Cohen , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589061880

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, banking sector, banking system

Annexes Annex 1 Indonesia Introduction This annex presents the detailed assessment of the role of the IMF i...

Malaysia

Malaysia »

Source: Malaysia : Financial Sector Stability Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2013/52

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475588026

Keywords: banking, banking system, banking sector, foreign exchange, banking institutions

This assessment is a review of the financial environment of Malaysia. Like many other Asian countries, Malaysia experienced financial distress in the late 1990s, but the country's policy reforms have moved it to a...