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External shocks and policy responses in sub-Saharan Africa, 1973–78: More open and outward-oriented economies fared better

External shocks and policy responses in sub-Saharan Africa, 1973–78: More open and outward-oriented economies fared better »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1984

Volume/Issue: 21/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1984

ISBN: 9781616353568

Keywords: balance of payments, debt problems, world economy, central bank, debt crisis

This paper examines the IMF's role in the changing world. Faced with mounting domestic and external financial imbalances, numerous African countries adopted adjustment programs supported by the use of IMF resources...

Facilitating Foreign Investment

Facilitating Foreign Investment »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1992

Volume/Issue: 29/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451953060

Keywords: balance of payments, debt reduction, trading system, debt crisis, world economy

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Finance & Development, December 1985

Finance & Development, December 1985 »

Volume/Issue: 22/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353636.022

ISBN: 9781616353636

Keywords: exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, finance, balance of payments

This paper elaborates the introduction of surveillance that gave the IMF broader responsibilities with respect to oversight of its members' policies than existed under the par value system. The IMF's purview has be...

Finance & Development, December 1984

Finance & Development, December 1984 »

Volume/Issue: 21/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1984

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353599.022

ISBN: 9781616353599

Keywords: balance of payments, domestic savings, income distribution, aggregate demand, external borrowing

This paper reviews the increasing private capital flows to less developed countries. The share of developing countries in the foreign direct investment is small, perhaps less than 30 percent of the total. The effec...

Finance & Development, December 1978

Finance & Development, December 1978 »

Volume/Issue: 15/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1978

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353353.022

ISBN: 9781616353353

Keywords: balance of payments, capital increase, trading system, bond issues

This paper highlights that the 1978 World Bank Annual Meeting, held in Washington, D.C. during September 25-28, 1978, emphasized that greater efforts need to be made by both developed and developing countries, on d...

Finance & Development, December 1981

Finance & Development, December 1981 »

Volume/Issue: 18/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1981

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353476.022

ISBN: 9781616353476

Keywords: monetary fund, world economy, economic cooperation, inflation, balance of payments, NEW FROM THE WORLD BANK,

This paper highlights that the financial activity of the IMF reached a new peak in the first three quarters of 1981 in terms of the number of arrangements with members involving high conditionality on the use of th...

Finance & Development, December 1969

Finance & Development, December 1969 »

Volume/Issue: 6/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1969

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352967.022

ISBN: 9781616352967

Keywords: bank group, export earnings, bank loans, international trade, balance of payments

This paper focuses on telecommunication development in Ethiopia. The paper highlights that there are now over 20,000 telephones in Addis Ababa (in 1969), but the demand for service still exceeds the supply. About 8...

Finance & Development, December 1975

Finance & Development, December 1975 »

Volume/Issue: 12/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1975

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353230.022

ISBN: 9781616353230

Keywords: balance of payments, oil prices, oil facility, trade negotiations

This paper reviews the 1975 Annual Meetings of the Boards of Governors of the IMF and the World Bank that were held in Washington, D.C., from September 1-5. The paper highlights that three separate but related them...

Finance & Development, December 1990

Finance & Development, December 1990 »

Volume/Issue: 27/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451951783.022

ISBN: 9781451951783

Keywords: enterprise restructuring, structural adjustment, balance of payments, direct investment, social security

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Finance & Development, June 1987

Finance & Development, June 1987 »

Volume/Issue: 24/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353698.022

ISBN: 9781616353698

Keywords: balance of payments, demand, economy, aggregate demand, macroeconomic management

This paper reviews the World Bank lending for structural adjustment. The World Bank has always stressed the need to use limited investable resources efficiently. It has attempted to identify investment priorities i...